Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Tapiromorpha

Mammalia - Perissodactyla

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1873Tapiromorpha Haeckel
1981Tapiromorpha Thurmond and Jones p. 186
1984Moropomorpha Schoch p. 3
1988Moropomorpha Carroll
1989Moropomorpha Prothero and Schoch p. 532
1996Tapiromorpha Hooker p. 159
1999Tapiromorpha Holbrook p. 346
2001Tapiromorpha Maas et al. p. 408
2005Tapiromorpha Eberle p. 313
2006Tapiromorpha Colbert p. 698
2011Tapiromorpha Holanda et al. p. 113
2011Tapiromorpha Holbrook and Lapergola p. 898

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
RankNameAuthor
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
Tapiromorpha(Haeckel 1873)
Tapiromorpha(Haeckel 1873)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 300 kgf
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingsubo
Diet: browsersubo
Created: 2005-08-31 15:02:20
Modified: 2005-08-31 17:02:20
Source: g = genus, f = family, subo = suborder, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Legendre 1988, Benton 1996, Colbert and Schoch 1998, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Wasatchian to the top of the Holocene or 55.80000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 50.3 Ma

Collections (3146 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Pakistan Tapiroidea indet. (94599)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Aude) Lophiaspis occitanicus (78236)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Kyrgyzstan (Osh) Deperetella ferganica (174761) Teleolophus medius, Pataecops microdon, Rhodopagus minutissimus, Eoletes tianshanicus, Lushiamynodon kirghisensis (28490)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Oise) Chowliia europea (182643 200298)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur) Lophiaspis maurettei (178050)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Pakistan (Balochistan) Gandheralophus minor (87933) Gandheralophus robustus (179962) Lophialetidae indet., Litolophus ghazijensis (112719 179963)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8India (Gujarat) Vastanolophus holbrooki (55494)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France (Hérault) Lophiaspis sp. (181563)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3France (Occitanie) Hyrachyus stehlini, Lophiodon eygalayense (195457)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3Hungary Amynodontidae indet. (52670)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9United Kingdom (England) Lophiodon lautricense (27721)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9China (shaanxi) Breviodon minutus (42686) Deperetella sp. (42687)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Lophiodon cuvieri, Lophiodon buchsowillanum, Lophiodon tapirotherium (45738) Lophiodon tapirotherium (45734)
Eocene - Oligocene56.0 - 23.03China (Shandong) Rhodopagus zdanskyi (41124)
Eocene - Oligocene56.0 - 23.03China (Henan) Hyrachyus sp. (42565)
Graybullian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Homogalax protapirinus (15701)
Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Heptodon posticus (15945 15998 16078) Heptodon posticus, Heptodon ventorum (15903 15915 15917 15930)
Lysitean55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Cardiolophus semihians (16002 16004)
Lysitean - Lostcabinian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Heptodon sp. (15451)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Cardiolophus radinskyi (15726 15727 15731 15732 15733 15735 15736 15737 15746 15747 15749 15753 15777 15781 15787 15788 15792 15813 15822 15824 46636 46643 46645 46646 46650 46652 46657 46658 46659 46668 46669 46671 46672 46680 46690 46693 46694 46723 46768 46780 46783 46787 46788 46790 46794 46795 46796 46803 46806 46807 46812 46844) Cardiolophus radinskyi, Homogalax protapirinus (15762 15779 15796 15819 46667 46673 46687 46689 46769 46792 46805 46808 46809 46814 46830 46831 46834 46836 46837) Cardiolophus semihians (46764) Cardiolophus semihians, Heptodon calciculus (15548 46700 46849) Cardiolophus semihians, Heptodon calciculus, Homogalax protapirinus (46692 46810) Cardiolophus semihians, Homogalax protapirinus (15673 15694 46683 46735 46736 46761 46763 46800 118482) Cardiolophus sp. (46656) Helaletes nanus, Heptodon posticus, Heptodon ventorum (15942) Helaletes sp. (15841) Helaletidae indet. (15575 15577 15578) Heptodon brownorum (15904 15905 15906 15910 15996) Heptodon calciculus (15454 15551 15553 15554 15557 15558 15560 15565 15852 15935 15964 46699 46703 46706 46711 46715 186937 186940 186951) Heptodon calciculus, Helaletidae indet. (15552) Heptodon calciculus, Heptodon posticus (15486 15555 15556) Heptodon calciculus, Heptodon posticus, Hyrachyus modestus (15839) Heptodon calciculus, Homogalax protapirinus (46746 46811) Heptodon posticus (15566 15567) Heptodon posticus, Heptodon ventorum (15662) Heptodon sp. (15597 15642 15842 15931 15937 15958) Heptodon sp., Helaletidae indet. (15559) Heptodon sp., Heptodon calciculus, Heptodon posticus (15564) Heptodon sp., Homogalax sp. (15902) Heptodon ventorum (15661 15963) Homogalax protapirinus (15468 15474 15476 15478 15573 15728 15730 15741 15742 15743 15744 15745 15757 15758 15768 15769 15770 15782 15785 15790 15797 15798 15799 15800 15802 15805 15806 15814 15818 15821 15994 16055 46641 46666 46674 46675 46682 46688 46696 46697 46698 46704 46707 46716 46717 46718 46721 46724 46730 46731 46732 46733 46738 46739 46740 46741 46743 46745 46747 46748 46749 46753 46754 46756 46757 46758 46759 46760 46762 46765 46766 46767 46771 46773 46777 46778 46782 46786 46789 46797 46798 46816 46817 46818 46819 46820 46825 46829 46832 46833 46839 46840 46841 46842 46843 46845 46846) Homogalax protapirinus, Hyracotherium cristatum (15807) Homogalax sp. (15729 15756 15793) Homogalax sp., Heptodon calciculus (15576) Homogalax sp., Heptodon calciculus, Homogalax protapirinus (15934) Homogalax sp., Heptodon ventorum (15479) Homogalax sp., Homogalax protapirinus (15933) Hyrachyus modestus, Heptodon ventorum (15710) Hyrachyus sp. (16057 16059) Hyracotherium cristatum (15783) Systemodon sp. (15542)