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Clupeidae (hering)

Actinopteri - Clupeiformes - Clupeoidei

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1859Clupeidae Bleeker
1873Clupeidae Leidy p. 347
1902Clupeidae Hay p. 390
1921Clupeidae Jordan p. 242
1925Xenothrissa Jordan p. 10
1925Epelichthys Jordan p. 48
1938Clupeidae Weiler p. 9
1943Clupeidae David p. 3
1960Clupeidae Danil'chenko p. 5
1963Clupeidae Jordan p. 620
1967Clupeidae Danil'chenko p. 5
1970Clupeidae Applegate p. 420
1981Clupeidae Thurmond and Jones p. 96
1982Clupeidae Grande p. 22
1984Clupeidae Gaemers p. 26
1998Clupeidae Khajuria and Prasad
2001Clupeidae Purdy et al. p. 164
2005Clupeidae Murray et al. p. 301
2007Clupeidae Carnevale
2012Clupeidae Fierstine et al. p. 16
2013Clupeidae Betancur-R. et al.
2014Clupeidae Bannikov p. 26
2015Clupeidae Marramá and Carnevale
2016Clupeidae Přikryl et al.
2018Clupeidae Carnevale and Godfrey p. 167

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
classActinopteri()
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
RankNameAuthor
Teleosteomorpha
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
Osteoglossocephalai
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
Otomorpha
Clupei
orderClupeiformesBleeker 1859
familyClupeoidei(Bleeker 1859)
familyClupeidaeBleeker 1859
familyClupeidaeBleeker 1859

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:03:52
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:03:52
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Aptian to the top of the Holocene or 125.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 113.0 Ma

Collections (131 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Brazil Ellimma cruzi (63322)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Brazil (Sergipe) Nolfia riachuelensis (140003)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Portugal (Coimbra) Clupea arezedi (49228)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Antarctica Knightia andreae (150274)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Clupeidae indet. (122240) Clupeidarum sp. (27014)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Clupeidae indet. (58102)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Mexico (Chiapas) Clupeidae indet. (190739)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Denmark Clupeidarum rectiventralis (159793)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Clupea catopygoptera, Trollichthys bolcensis, Bolcaichthys catopygopterus (94830)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy (Verona) Clupeidae indet. (190957)
Wasatchian55.8 - 50.3USA (Wyoming) Knightia eocaena (15853) Knightia sp. (74615 74616 74617 85026)
Middle Eocene - Late/Upper Eocene48.6 - 33.9USA (California) Alosa ganolytoides (191001) Wisslerius sardinelloides (191013 191015) Wisslerius sardinelloides, Alosa ganolytoides (191016)
Middle Eocene - Oligocene48.6 - 23.03Argentina (Chubut) Knightia andreae (141241)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Italy Eoalosa janvieri (55239)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Germany (Lower Saxony,) Clupeidarum sp. (188954)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Etrumeus undatus (41998)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0United Kingdom (England) Otolithus testis (42636)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Peru Engraulis sp. (98346)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4USA (Louisiana) Clupeidae indet. (164391)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Russian Federation (Adygeia) Sardinella rata, Pomolobus curtus, Pomolobus facilis (105572)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Clupeidae indet., Sardinella sp. (68021)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Egypt Chasmoclupea aegyptica (108833)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Poland Clupeidae indet. (186589)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Georgia Sardinella sp. (186469)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Belgium Etrumeus sp. (188930)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Romania Alosa sp., Clupea sp., Clupea humulis, Clupea sardinites, Clupea crenata, Clupea voinovi, Clupea longimana, Alosa sculptata (50344) Opisthonema periscum, Sardina necteodosciobanensis, Clupea sardinites, Sardinella rata, Sardinella engrauliformis, Pomolobus facilis, Clupea longimana, Alosa sculptata, Etrumeus hafizi (113962) Sardina necteodosciobanensis, Clupea sardinites, Sardinella rata, Clupea longimana (187380) Sardina necteodosciobanensis, Clupea sardinites, Sardinella rata, Pomolobus facilis, Clupea longimana, Sardinella denticulata, Alosa sculptata, Pellonula grasionescui (187379)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Hungary Alosa sagorensis (124377)
Rupelian33.9 - 28.1Germany Clupea testis, Clupeidarum sp. (46096) Clupeidarum sp. (95898)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Czech Republic Clupea sardinites (125331)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Czech Republic (Moravia) Clupea sp. (104941)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Czech Republic (Tschechien) Clupea sardinites, Clupea crenata (185664)
Oligocene - Middle Miocene33.9 - 11.608USA (California) Etringus sp. (201627)
Oligocene - Miocene33.9 - 5.333Russian Federation Pomolobus antiquus (186461)
Oligocene - Miocene33.9 - 5.333Georgia (Abkhazia) Alosa genuina (186462)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Azerbaijan Sardinella sp. (116632)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Hungary Clupeidarum sp. (184477)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Austria Clupeidae indet. (99160)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Azerbaijan Sardinella sp. (116633)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Russian Federation (Sakhalin) Clupeidae indet. (138022)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Indonesia (Maros) Clupea brouweri (187654)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97USA (California) Ganolytes cameo, Etringus scintillans (186008)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97North Korea (Hamgyeongbuk-do) Clupea sp. (48623)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Japan (Tottori) Sardinella sp. (161450)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (California) Alisea grandis (186028) Ellimma barbarae (186026) Ellimma elmodenae, Ganolytes clepsydra, Clupea hadleyi (186021) Epelichthys michaelis (186050) Etringus scintillans (186007) Ganolytes cameo, Etringus scintillans (186006) Lembicus meiklejohni (186045) Xyrinius houshi (186029)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Russian Federation Pomolobus antiquus (186458)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Azerbaijan Alosa sp., Clupeidae indet. (116635) Sardinella sp. (116625)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Azerbaijan Alosa sp., Sardinella karaganica (116636)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Cyprus Sardina sp. (66957)
Barstovian15.97 - 13.6USA (California) Opisthonema palosverdensis (85313)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Tottori) Sardinella miyanoshitaensis (190896)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Italy Alosa sp., Alosa crassa (185486)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan Clupeidae indet. (51988 51989 51998)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Niigata) Clupeidae indet. (56884)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Shimane) Clupeidae indet. (52003 52004)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Japan (Shimame) Clupeidae indet. (51535)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Germany (Lower Saxony) Clupea testis (161965)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Kazakhstan Sardina sp., Alosa paulicrenata (174760)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Peru (Ica) Alosinae indet. (45487)
Clarendonian13.6 - 10.3USA (California) Ganolytes cameo, Xyne grex (84331)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Peru Alosinae indet. (45486)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Peru (Arequipa) Alosinae indet. (45485)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246USA (California) Xyne fiteri, Xyne grex, Diradias aratus, Xenothrissa aphrasta (45489)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Panama Engraulis sp. (145523)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Italy Clupeidae indet. (178120)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Greece Sardina crassa (185752)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Ukraine (Crimea) Clupeidae indet. (85514)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333USA (California) Clupea tiejei (185680) Etringus scintillans (167462 185671 185672) Ganolytes cameo (185670 186660) Ganolytes cameo, Etringus scintillans (185673) Xyne grex (152598 179733 185676 185677 185678 185679)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Japan (Shimane) Clupeidae indet. (52024)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Algeria (Oran) Etrumeus boulei, Sardina crassa, Alosa crassa, Alosa elongata (59256)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy (Tuscany) Sardina pilchardus (186581)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy Alosa elongata (186577) Sardina pilchardus (186575)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy (Sicily) Alosa crassa, Alosa elongata (186578)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy (Piedmont) Alosa elongata (113998)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Peru Alosinae indet. (46083 46084) Clupeidae indet., Alosinae indet. (13079)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Algeria Etrumeus boulei, Sardina crassa, Alosa elongata (186582 186585) Etrumeus sp., Sardina crassa, Alosa elongata (186583)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Cyprus Sardina sp. (185663)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6USA (North Carolina) Alosa sapidissima (52582)
Zanclean - Piacenzian5.333 - 2.588Italy Engraulis encrasicholus, Etrumeus teres, Pomolobus crassa (145678) Etrumeus teres, Sardina philchardus (145680)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) Alosa sp., Sardinella sp., Clupeidae indet. (22712)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Greece Alosa sp., Sardina sp. (51511)
Piacenzian3.6 - 2.588Italy Engraulis encrasicholus (145683)
Piacenzian - Gelasian3.6 - 1.806Italy Engraulis encrasicholus, Etrumeus teres, Pomolobus crassa, Sardina philchardus (57058)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Italy (Bologna) Engraulis encrasicholus, Etrumeus teres (186574)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Japan (Kagoshima) Sardinella sp. (161455)
Calabrian1.806 - 0.781Italy Sardina pilchardus (159288)
Rancholabrean0.3 - 0.012USA (Florida) Clupeidae indet. (20440)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117USA (Georgia) Alosa sp., Clupeidae indet. (20604)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (California) Engraulis mordax (190889)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0USA (Louisiana) Engraulis sp., Clupeidae indet. (161932)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Alosa sp. (122099)