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Clupeoidei (herring)

Actinopteri - Clupeiformes - Clupeoidei

Sister taxa
Ancylostylidae, Chirocentridae, Clupavidae, Clupeidae, Cromeriidae, Dorosomidae, Dussumieriidae, Engraulidae, Erythrinolepidae, Macristiidae, Notogoneidae, Phractolaemidae, Pristigasteridae

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1859Clupeoidei Bleeker
1960Clupeoidei Danil'chenko p. 5
1963Clupeoidei Jordan p. 619
1964Clupeoidei Estes p. 48
1965Clupeoidei Casier p. 13
1982Clupeoidei Grande p. 22
2003Clupeoidei Forey et al. p. 228
2005Clupeoidei Murray et al. p. 301
2013Clupeoidei Betancur-R. et al.
2015Clupeoidei Marramá and Carnevale
2019Clupeoidei Cantalice et al. p. 435

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
subclassNeopterygii(Regan 1923)
Teleostei(Müller 1846)
ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
orderClupeiformesBleeker 1859
familyClupeoidei(Bleeker 1859)
familyClupeoidei(Bleeker 1859)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:03:52
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:03:52
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Aptian to the top of the Holocene or 125.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 113.0 Ma

Collections (164 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Brazil Ellimma cruzi (63322)
Albian113.0 - 100.5Brazil (Sergipe) Nolfia riachuelensis (140003)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Morocco (Meknès-Tafilalet) Lusitanichthys africanus (136829)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9Lebanon Scombroclupea macrophthalma, Scombroclupea diminuta (124426)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Morocco (Er Rachida) Lusitanichthys sp. (120457)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (South Dakota) Clupeoidea indet. (181902)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Tajikistan (Asht) Portheus sp. (53132)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Wyoming) Portheus sp. (105717)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Portheus sp. (123474)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Portugal (Coimbra) Clupea arezedi (49228)
Late/Upper Campanian - Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Antarctica Knightia andreae (150274)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Andhra Pradesh) Clupeidae indet. (122240) Clupeidarum sp. (27014)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0India (Maharashtra) Clupeidae indet. (58102)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Greece (Lamia) Clupea sp. (207612)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Mexico (Chiapas) Clupeidae indet. (190739)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Denmark Clupeidarum rectiventralis (159793)
Thanetian59.2 - 56.0Turkmenistan Platinx cognitus (186444)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy (Verona) Clupeidae indet. (190957)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Clupea catopygoptera, Platinx macropterus, Trollichthys bolcensis, Bolcaichthys catopygopterus (94830)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9New Zealand (South Island) Scombroclupea macropthalma (204226)