Monticino (Miocene of Italy)

Also known as Brisighella

Where: Ravenna, Italy (44.2° N, 11.8° E: paleocoordinates 44.0° N, 11.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Colombacci Formation, Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

• Also mentioned as Turolian in an earlier paper. "The fossil remains are preserved within the sediments of the Colombacci Formation, filling paleokarst features affecting the underlying Gessoso-solfifera Formation, and sealed by marine clays of Pliocene Argille Azzurre Formation. Such a geological framework allowed quite a firm chronological attribution for the paleofauna, referred to the latest Messinian, about 5.4 million years ago." - Rook et al (2015)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; lithology not reported

• "[... superficial paleo-karstic morphologies and a network of tectonic-karst cracks in the gypsum, filled with sediments of the Colombacci Formation, containing important fossil remains of continental vertebrates]" - translated from the Italian (Rook et al, 2015)

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: T. Kotsakis, M. Delfino, and P. Piras. 2004. Italian Cenozoic crocodilians: taxa, timing and palaeobiogeographic implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 210:67-87 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 144566: authorized by Philip Mannion, entered by Philip Mannion on 10.05.2013, edited by Terri Cleary

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Also mentioned by Rook et al (2015): Ruminante di taglia molto piccola [ruminant of very small size], no taxonomy given.
 Salientia -
Latonia sp. von Meyer 1843 frog
 Salientia - Ranidae
"Rana ex gr. ridibunda" = Pelophylax ridibunda
"Rana ex gr. ridibunda" = Pelophylax ridibunda Pallas 1771 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo viridis Laurenti 1768 European green toad
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
 Crocodylia -
Crocodylia indet. Owen 1842 crocodilian
two isolated teeth
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacertidae indet. Bonaparte 1831 squamates
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp. Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
 Squamata - Boidae
Eryx cf. jaculus true sand boa
 Squamata - Colubridae
Natrix sp. Laurenti 1768 water snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Vipera sp. Laurenti 1768 pit viper
 Squamata -
Amphisbaenia indet. Gray 1844 worm lizard
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Mesopithecus cf. pentelicus Wagner 1839 monkey
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. gudrunae van de Weerd 1976 Eurasian field mouse
Stephanomys debruijni n. sp. mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ruscinomys cf. lasallei, "Cricetus cf. barrierei" = Apocricetus barrierei
Ruscinomys cf. lasallei Adrover 1969 mouse
"Cricetus cf. barrierei" = Apocricetus barrierei Mein and Michaux 1970 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Hylopetes sp. Thomas 1908 squirrel
Atlantoxerus cf. rhodius de Bruijn et al. 1970 squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Muscardinus sp. Kaup 1829 dormouse
Myomimus sp. Ognev 1924 dormouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix depereti Sen 2001 porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Mioechinus sp., "Galerix depereti" = Parasorex depereti
Mioechinus sp. Butler 1948 hedgehog
"Galerix depereti" = Parasorex depereti Crochet 1986 hedgehog
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium malpassii hipparionine horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Miosorex pusilliformis Doben-Florin 1964 shrew
 Chiroptera - Megadermatidae
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis cf. boyeri Mein 1965 vesper bat
 Chiroptera - Hipposideridae
Asellia cf. mariaetheresae Mein 1958 leaf-nosed bat
Hipposideros cf. vetus roundleaf bat
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus sp. Lacépède 1799 horseshoe bat
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
 Carnivora - Canidae
Eucyon monticinensis n. sp. canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
"ex gr. attica-christoli"
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus cf. gaudryi Forsyth Major 1888 aardvark
 Ungulata - Suidae
 Ungulata - Bovidae
cf. Parabos sp. Barbour and Schultz 1941 antelope
Samotragus occidentalis n. sp. antelope
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Procapreolus sp. Schlosser 1929 deer