Family Phasianidae Horsfield 1821 (pheasant)

Aves - Galliformes - Phasianidae

Parent taxon: Galliformes according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Baird 1992, Carroll 1988, del Hoyo et al. 2014, Emslie 1992, Eo et al. 2009, Gohlich 2003, Hay 1902, Lambrecht 1933, Livezey and Zusi 2007, Louchart et al. 2008, Mayr and Weidig 2004, Mourer-Chauviré 2008, Mourer-Chauviré et al. 2004, Olson 1985, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Parmalee 1992, Wang et al. 2013, Wetmore 1940 and Worthy et al. 2017

Sister taxa: Amitabha, Archaealectrornis, Argillipes, Craci, Cracidae, Galli, Gallinuloididae, Megapodiidae, Namaortyx, Numididae, Odontiphorinidae, Odontophoridae, Paraortygidae, Paraortyx, Phasanidae, Phasiani, Procrax, Quercymegapodiidae, Sobniogallus, Sylviornithes, Taoperdix, Tetraonidae

Subtaxa: Afropavo Agriocharis Alectoris Bonasa Centrocercus Coturnix Dendragapus Falcipennis Francolinus Gallus Lagopus Litoripes Lyrurus Margaroperdix Meleagris Miogallus Miophasianus Palaeocryptonyx Palaeortyx Pavo Peliperdix Perdicinae Perdix Phasianinae Phasianus Pliogallus Plioperdix Pternistis Rollulinae Schaubortyx Scleroptila Synoicus Tetrao Tetraogallus Tetraoninae Tetrastes Tympanuchus

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Ecology: volant granivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of American Samoa (1 collection), Australia (7), Azerbaijan (1), the Bahamas (1), Canada (1: Nunavut), China (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (3), Cook Islands (11), Croatia (1), East Timor (2), Finland (17), France (2), French Polynesia (9), French Southern Territories (1), Georgia (1), Greece (5), Greenland (1), Hungary (6), Indonesia (1), Italy (19), Japan (2), Jordan (1), Madagascar (4), the Marshall Islands (2), Mexico (1), Micronesia (4), Monaco (1), the Netherlands (1), New Caledonia (2), New Zealand (6), Niue (6), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Papua New Guinea (2), Portugal (1), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (6), Solomon Islands (24), South Africa (7), Spain (10), Sudan (2), Tanzania (2), Tonga (8), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (12), United States (74: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming), Vanuatu (1), Wallis and Futuna (2)

• Blancan of United States (5: Arizona, Florida, Kansas, Texas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (2), Hungary (1), South Africa (1)

• Pliocene of Hungary (4), Morocco (1), Romania (1), South Africa (3), Spain (1), Tanzania (14), Ukraine (1), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Miocene of Bulgaria (1), China (1), Ethiopia (1), France (2), Germany (2), Greece (4), Hungary (1), Italy (9), Kenya (1), Moldova (1), Namibia (1), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (2), United States (5: North Carolina, South Dakota, Virginia)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Oligocene of France (1), Germany (1)

• Eocene of the United Kingdom (2)

Total: 352 collections including 527 occurrences

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