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Bullidae

Gastropoda - Opisthobranchia - Bullidae

Taxonomy
Bullidae was named by Lamarck (1801) [m. kosnik taxon no: 5325]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Acteonacea by Sohl (1964); to Tectibranchia by Addicott (1970); and to Bulloidea by Beesley (1998), Todd (2001) and Harzhauser (2007).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1801Bullidae Lamarck
1964Bullidae Sohl p. 306
1970Bullidae Addicott p. 138
1998Bullidae Beesley p. 942
2001Bullidae Todd
2007Bullidae Harzhauser p. 113

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
orderOpisthobranchia(Milne-Edwards 1848)
orderCephalaspideaFischer 1883
superfamilyBulloideaLamarck 1801
familyBullidaeLamarck 1801
familyBullidaeLamarck 1801

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: semi-infaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Predatory carnivore according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 07:26:15
Modified: 2018-03-24 11:40:32
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Callovian to the top of the Holocene or 166.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 163.5 Ma

Collections (250 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Yemen (Wadi Hajar) Bulla sp. (2600)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3Somalia Bulla macfadyeni (93020)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9France Bulla etalloni (2220) Bulla jaccardi (2222)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Switzerland Bulla avellana, Bulla dactylus, Bulla jaccardi (2225) Bulla jaccardi (2221 2247)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Switzerland Bulla tombeckiana (2232)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Switzerland Bulla urgonensis (2188)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0France Bulla urgonensis (2186)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Bulla macrostromata (6155 6157)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) Bullopsis cretacea (205512) Bullopsis demersus (7506 7600)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Bullopsis cretacea (1583)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Alabama) Bulla sp. (4175)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Mississippi) Bulla sp., Bullopsis cretacea (4127) Bullopsis cretacea (4122 4126 4128 4130)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Missouri) Bullopsis cretacea (4385)
Danian66.0 - 61.6Greenland Bulla groenlandica (177724)
Danian - Thanetian66.0 - 56.0USA (Louisiana) Bullinella sp. (52197)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Argentina Bulla sp. (99258)
Selandian61.6 - 59.2Greenland Bulla sp. (22944)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France Bulla cylindroides (184828) Bulla minuta (184832)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Antarctica (Seymour Island) Bulla glacialis (63548 63549)
Ypresian - Lutetian56.0 - 41.3United Kingdom (England) Bulla attenuata (42583)