Class Bivalvia Linnaeus 1758 (clam)

Bivalvia

Synonyms: Lamellibranchiata Blainville , Pelecypoda Goldfuss 1820

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Mollusca according to D. I. Gravestock et al. 2001

See also Barnes 1998, Giribet et al. 2006, Giribet and Wheeler 2002, Hikuroa and Grant-Mackie 2008, Kennedy 1993, Newell 1969, Raymond 1916, Sepkoski 2002, Shoshani et al. 1989, Squires 1984, Squires 1987, Squires 1988, Vokes 1980 and Ward and Blackwelder 1987

Sister taxa: Acaenoplax, Acevina, Actinoconus, Aculopileus, Acutirostriconus, Aldanolina, Algomella, Anisomyaria, Aplacophora, Aulacotrochus, Aviculocephaloconus, Bagenoviella, Beroides, Bisulcus, Calyptoptomatida, Cambroscutum, Caudofoveata, Centriconus, Cephalopoda, Chiton cottae, Codonoconus, Conchifera, Conchula, Corystos, Crestoconus, Cyrtostoma, Dingus, Diplacophora, Dysmea, Dysnoetopla, Ebianella, Eosoconus, Gastropoda, Granoconus, Gutticonus, Hamatoconus, Helcionelloida, Hemithecellitina, Huangshandogoconus, Huangshandongoconus, Kaschkadakia, Katunioides, Kepinospira, Khairkhaniidae, Khairkhaniiformes, Kraikchania, Kuanchuanella, Ladamarekiidae, Laticonus, Liantuoconus, Ligyrokala, Mackenziella, Maikhanellidae, Makarakia, Merismoconcha, Minymerisma, Miozonites, Nothamusium, Odontogriphus, Omalenlina, Palaeacmaea, Paragastropoda, Parascenella, Patelliconidae, Peotoconus, Pichynella, Polytropis, Porcaconus, Proconus, Protodrepanostoma, Pseudomatthevia, Rostroconchia, Sachitida, Sargaella, Scamboscamna, Scaphopoda, Scenellopsis, Serialia, Shabaktiella, Sichuanospira, Sinuconus, Solandangella, Solenogastres, Songlingella, Spatuloconus, Stenothecella, Stenothecoida, Sulcocarina, Tentaculita, Tergomya, Trunctoconus, Tuberoconus, Xilingxiaconus, Xinnanospira, Yangtzemerisma

Subtaxa: Acturellina Amphikoilinae Anomalodesmacea Anthraconauta Arhouriellidae Asiphonidae Astarte scrivenori Aviculomya Bakewellia Barcoona Bathyspinulinae Bleta Brachyanodon Burriera Camnantia Carnidia Cirravidae Claughtonia Clotho Coloniceramus Conchodus Cruciella Cryptodonta Ctenolima Delia Edon Elasmatium Elliptoidea Ensia Eoasmussia Eubivalvia Euburnopecten Euprotobranchia Ferganoconcha Fogiella Fusidae Geinitzia Gibboconcha Gosselettia Guebhardia Guerichia Hemisterias Hippagus Isofilibranchia Joannisiella Laubeia Laurskiidae Leila Libitina Libyaconchus Lithophagella Lux Manankovia Martinsonella Megagrypha Megalodus Megalomus Modiolopsis praerupta Neotaxodonta Onkogrypha Ostrea compta Ostreavicula Palaearca Palaeoentolium Palaeostrea Palaeotaxodonta Palanatina Paradoxia Paraviculidae Phaenomya Phyllonia Platymya Pleureterites Plicatulacea Praeanomalodontata Praecardiomya Praelamellodontidae Praevicula Prionodesmacea Productea Promargaritifera Prosodacna Protobranchia Protoentolium Psammacola Psammoconcha Pseudanodonta Pseudocardita Pseudospatha Rebusum Reniella Rhenanomya Rousseliinae Sancticarolis Septocardiidae Serrilaminula Solen (Solecurtus) ellipticus Solen (Solecurtus) planulatus Solenomyidae Somalidacna Spirodomidae Taeniodon Tatella Teleodesmacea Telistrophis Trachidomia Trigonellites

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

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