Opinions from C. S. Davis et al. 2004

  • 'Caniformia belongs to Carnivora'
  • 'Carnivora belongs to Mammalia'
  • 'Cystophora belongs to Cystophorini'
  • 'Cystophorini was reranked as a tribe and belongs to Phocinae'
  • 'Erignathini belongs to Phocinae'
  • 'Erignathus belongs to Erignathini'
  • 'Halichoerus belongs to Phocini'
  • 'Histriophoca belongs to Phocini'
  • 'Hydrurga belongs to Lobodontini'
  • 'Leptonychotes belongs to Lobodontini'
  • 'Lobodon belongs to Lobodontini'
  • 'Lobodontini belongs to Monachinae'
  • 'Mirounga belongs to Miroungini'
  • 'Mirounga angustirostris belongs to Mirounga' according to Gill 1866
  • 'Miroungini belongs to Monachinae'
  • 'Monachinae belongs to Phocidae'
  • 'Monachini belongs to Monachinae'
  • 'Monachus belongs to Monachini'
  • 'Ommatophoca belongs to Lobodontini'
  • 'Pagophilus belongs to Phocini'
  • 'Phoca belongs to Phocini'
  • 'Phoca barbata is recombined as Erignathus barbatus'
  • 'Phoca caspica is recombined as Pusa caspica' according to Gmelin 1788
  • 'Phoca caspica is recombined as Pusa caspica'
  • 'Phoca cristata belongs to Phoca' according to Erxleben 1777
  • 'Phoca cristata is recombined as Cystophora cristata'
  • 'Phoca fasciata belongs to Phoca' according to Zimmermann 1783
  • 'Phoca fasciata is recombined as Histriophoca fasciata'
  • 'Phoca groenlandica belongs to Phoca' according to Erxleben 1777
  • 'Phoca groenlandica is recombined as Pagophilus groenlandica'
  • 'Phoca grypus belongs to Phoca' according to Fabricus 1791
  • 'Phoca grypus is recombined as Halichoerus grypus'
  • 'Phoca hispida is recombined as Pusa hispida'
  • 'Phoca largha belongs to Phoca' according to Pallas 1811
  • 'Phoca largha belongs to Phoca'
  • 'Phoca monachus belongs to Phoca' according to Hermann 1779
  • 'Phoca schauinslandi belongs to Phoca' according to Hermann 1779
  • 'Phoca vitulina belongs to Phoca'
  • 'Phoca vitulina sibirica [misspelled as Pusa siberica] belongs to Pusa'
  • 'Phocadae is corrected as Phocidae and belongs to Pinnipedia'
  • 'Phocinae belongs to Phocidae'
  • 'Phocini belongs to Phocinae'
  • 'Pusa belongs to Phocini'