G. D. Koufos et al. 2003

Full reference
G. D. Koufos, N. Zouros, and O. Mourouzidou. 2003. Prodeinotherium bavaricum (Proboscidea, Mammalia) from Lesvos island, Greece; the appearance of deinotheres in the Eastern Mediterranean . Geobios 36:305-315 [E. Vlachos/P. Kampouridis]
ID number:  66555
Created:  2018-08-12 08:38:25
Publication type:  journal article
Taxonomy:  stated with evidence
Language:  English
DOI:  10.1016/S0016-6995(03)00031-7
Comments: The island of Lesvos, eastern Aegean, Greece is well known for the Neogene Petrified Forest of Sigri, situated in the southeastern part of island.The Miocene mammals were hitherto unknown in the island and the deinothere studied herein is the first evidence of their presence.The material was found near the village Gavathas in strongly silicified lacustrine marls. The morphological characters of the studied teeth and their dimensions indicate that they belong to a primitive form of Prodeinotherium bavaricum. This fact together with the available radiometric ages of the volcanic rocks of the area suggests a minimum age of 18.4 Ma corresponding to the upper part of early Miocene or to late MN 3. The arrival and the dispersion of the deinotheres in Eurasia are also discussed and the Lesvos material represents the first known appearance of deinotheres in Europe. They arrived at the end of MN 3 (18.0–19.0 Ma) and they rapidly dispersed into Europe as their first occurrence in France and Spain is dated at the early MN 4 (18.0). Their first appearance in Asia seems to be earlier as they were traced in the Bugti fauna (Pakistan) dated at 20.5 Ma. This suggests an early connection of Africa and Asia before the final closure of the Tethyan Seaway.
Taxonomic opinions (3) - view classification
'Deinotheriidae belongs to Deinotherioidea' according to G. D. Koufos et al. 2003
'Deinotherioidea belongs to Proboscidea' according to G. D. Koufos et al. 2003
'Prodeinotherium belongs to Deinotheriidae' according to G. D. Koufos et al. 2003
Collections (1)