Fossil Lake: Late/Upper Pleistocene, Oregon
collected by T. Condon, C. H. Sternberg, E. D. Cope, A. M. Alexander, C. Stock, E. L. Furlong 1876, 1877, 1879, 1901, 1923, 1924

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Laridae
Sterna forsteri Nuttall 1834
Howard 1946
Chlidonias nigra (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
recombined as Chlidonias niger
Larus californicus Lawrence 1854
Howard 1946
Larus robustus Shufeldt 1891
Howard 1946
recombined as Larus (Larus) robustus
Larus oregonus Shufeldt 1891
Howard 1946
recombined as Larus (Larus) oregonus
Larus philadelphia (Ord 1815)
Howard 1946
recombined as Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Scolopacidae
Numenius ? americanus Bechstein 1812
Howard 1946
Limnodromus ? griseus (Gmelin 1789)
Howard 1946
Erolia melanotos (Vieillot 1819)
Jehl 1967
recombined as Calidris melanotos
Lobipes lobatus (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
recombined as Phalaropus lobatus
Totanus melanoleucas (Gmelin 1789)
Howard 1946
recombined as Tringa melanoleuca
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Stercorariidae
Stercorarius schufeldti n. sp.
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Recurvirostridae
Himantopus mexicanus (Muller 1776)
Howard 1946
Recurvirostra americana Gmelin 1789
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Falconidae
Falco oregonus n. sp. Howard 1946
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Strigidae
Bubo virginianus (Gmelin 1788)
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Picidae
Colaptes cafer (Gmelin 1788)
Howard 1946
recombined as Colaptes auratus cafer
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Icteridae
? Agelaius sp. Vieillot 1816
Howard 1946
Euphagus cyanocephalus (Wagler 1829)
Howard 1946
Molothrus ? ater (Boddaert 1783)
Howard 1946
Sturnella sp. Vieillot 1816
Howard 1946
or Xanthocephalus
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Corvidae
Corvus corax Linnaeus 1758
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Rallidae
Rallus limicola Vieillot 1819
Howard 1946
Fulica americana Gmelin 1789
Howard 1946
subspecies minor
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Podicipedidae
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Lawrence 1858)
Howard 1946
subspeceis lucasi
Podilymbus podiceps (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
Colymbus parvus Schufeldt 1913
Howard 1946
recombined as Podiceps parvus
Colymbus nigricollis (Brehm 1831)
Howard 1946
original and current combination Podiceps nigricollis
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Ardeidae
Ardea herodias Linnaeus 1758
Howard 1946
Botaurus lentiginosus (Rackett 1813)
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Pelecanidae
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Gmelin 1789
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Phasianidae
Dendragapus lucasi
Howard 1946
Dendragapus nanus
Howard 1946
Palaeotetrix gillii Shufeldt 1891
Howard 1946
recombined as Dendragapus gilli
Centrocercus urophasianus (Bonaparte 1827)
Howard 1946
Pedioecetes phasianellus (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
recombined as Tympanuchus phasianellus
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Anatidae
Erismatura jamaicensis (Gmelin 1789)
Howard 1946
recombined as Oxyura jamaicensis
Mareca americana (Gmelin 1789)
Howard 1946
Chen hyperborea (Pallas 1769)
Howard 1946
synonym of Anser caerulescens
Chen rossii Cassin 1861
Howard 1946
recombined as Anser rossii
Anser albifrons Scopoli 1769
Howard 1946
Branta propinqua Shufeldt 1891
Howard 1946
Branta bernicla (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
Branta ? hypsibata (Cope 1878)
Howard 1946
Branta canadensis (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
Sthenelides paloregonus (Cope 1878)
Howard 1946
original and current combination Cygnus paloregonus
Cygnus buccinator Richardson 1832
Howard 1946
Anas cyanoptera Viellot 1816
Howard 1946
recombined as Spatula cyanoptera
Spatula clypeata (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
Mergus serrator Linnaeus 1758
Howard 1946
Mergus merganser Linnaeus 1758
Howard 1946
Charitonetta albeola
Howard 1946
synonym of Bucephala
Melanitta deglandi (Bonaparte 1850)
Jehl 1967
recombined as Melanitta fusca deglandi
Melanitta perspicillata (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
Clangula hyemalis (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
Nyroca affinis (Eyton 1838)
Howard 1946
recombined as Aythya affinis
Nyroca ? collaris (Donovan 1809)
Howard 1946
recombined as Aythya collaris
Nyroca americana (Eyton 1838)
Howard 1946
recombined as Aythya americana
Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus 1758
Howard 1946
Anas carolinensis Gmelin 1789
Howard 1946
recombined as Anas crecca carolinensis
Anas acuta Linnaeus 1758
Howard 1946
Anabernicula sp. Ross 1935
Howard 1946
Anabernicula oregonensis n. sp. Howard 1964
Howard 1964 3 specimens
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Phoenicopteridae
Phoenicopterus copei Shufeldt 1891
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Accipitridae
Spizaetus pliogryps
Howard 1946
Hypomorphnus ? sodalis
Howard 1946
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus 1766)
Howard 1946
Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus 1758)
Howard 1946
Circus cyaneus (Linnaeus 1766)
Howard 1946
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax ? auritus (Lesson 1831)
Howard 1946
Phalacrocorax macropus (Cope 1878)
Howard 1946
Mammalia - Rodentia - Cricetidae
Fiber oregonus n. sp. Hollister 1911
synonym of Ondatra annectens
Microtus montanus (Peale 1848)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Geomyidae
Thomomys townsendi (Bachman 1839)
recombined as Thomomys townsendii
includes T. near clusius, T. talpoides, T. bulbivorus, T. sp., and T. scudderi type of previous authors
Mammalia - Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor sp. Linnaeus 1758
said to be new
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp. Linnaeus 1758
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758
small
Equus pacificus Leidy 1868
Mammalia - Carnivora - Ursidae
Arctotherium sp. Bravard 1857
    = Arctodus sp. Leidy 1854
Alroy 2011
Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae
Taxidea sp. Waterhouse 1839
said to be new; includes Lutra of Matthew
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775
Canis cf. dirus Leidy 1858
Canis latrans Say 1823
Canis cf. occidentalis Richardson 1829
Mammalia - Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758
large and small forms
    = Felinae indet. Trouessart 1885
Alroy 2010
Mammalia - Mylodontidae
Mylodon cf. harlani (Owen 1840)
recombined as Paramylodon harlani
"Mylodon, near harlani" (includes M. sodalis type of Cope)
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephas ? columbi Falconer 1857
recombined as Mammuthus columbi
includes E. primigenius and E. imperator of previous authors
Mammalia - Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus sp. Leconte 1848
small
Platygonus cf. vetus Leidy 1882
Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelops hesternus (Leidy 1873)
Eschatius sp. Cope 1884
nomen dubium belonging to Camelops
includes E. conidens (referred specimen) and E. longirostris (type) of Cope
? Tanupolama sp. Stock 1928
synonym of Hemiauchenia
includes Eschatius vitakeriana type of Cope
Mammalia - Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Antilocapra cf. americana (Ord 1815)
see common names

Geography
Country:United States State/province:Oregon County:Lake
Coordinates: 43.3° North, 120.5° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:43.3° North, 120.5° West
Basis of coordinate:stated in text
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Time
Period:Quaternary Epoch:Pleistocene
10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Late/Upper Pleistocene
Age range of interval:0.12600 - 0.01170 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Stratigraphy comments: "early Pleistocene, approximating [the age] of Rancho La Brea" (i.e., late Pleistocene)
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: sandstone
Secondary lithology: claystone
Lithology description: "sand and clay"
Environment:lacustrine - large
Geology comments: the deposits "formed on the bottom" of a "large" lake
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:survey of museum collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:AMNH,UCMP
Collectors:T. Condon, C. H. Sternberg, E. D. Cope, A. M. Alexander, C. Stock, E. L. Furlong Collection dates:1876, 1877, 1879, 1901, 1923, 1924
Collection method comments: Sternberg and Cope material is at the AMNH; Alexander, Stock, and Furlong material is at the UCMP; Condon collection is at the University of Oregon and was not seen by Elftman
Taxonomic list comments:revises original descriptions of Cope (1878, 1884, 1889) and Matthew (1902)
Metadata
Database number:93251
Authorizer:J. Alroy, M. Uhen Enterer:J. Alroy, M. Uhen
Research group:vertebrate
Created:2010-01-09 14:40:46 Last modified:2010-01-09 16:40:46
Access level:the public Released:2010-01-09 14:40:46
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

31525. H. O. Elftman. 1931. Pleistocene mammals of Fossil Lake, Oregon. American Museum Novitates 481:1-21 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]

Secondary references:

31458 J. Alroy. 2010. Stop the madness. [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
35631 J. Alroy. 2011. Further attempts at halting the inevitable backwards progress of bad taxonomy. [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
57924 H. Howard. 1946. A review of the Pleistocene birds of Fossil Lake, Oregon. Carnegie Institution of Washington PUblication 551:141-195 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
65056 H. Howard. 1964. A New Species of the "Pigmy Goose," Anabernicula, from the Oregon Pleistocene, with a Discussion of the Genus. American Museum Novitates 2200:1-14 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
57925 J. R. Jehl. 1967. Pleistocene birds from Fossil Lake, Oregon. The Condor 69:24-27 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]