Sharktooth Hill Bonebed: Langhian, California

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Chondrichthyes - Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina lerichei Jordan and Beal 1910
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
Isurus hastalis (Agassiz 1843)
Mitchell 1965
recombined as Cosmopolitodus hastalis
Chondrichthyes - Plagiostomi - Squalidae
Squalus serriculus Jordan and Hanibal 1923
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Galeidae
? Triakis sp.
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810
Mitchell 1965
? Trygon of Bishop 1961
Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Echinorhiniformes - Echinorhinidae
Echinorhinus blakei Agassiz 1856
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
Cetorhinus sp. de Blainville 1816
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Carcharodon megalodon (Agassiz 1843)
Mitchell 1965
recombined as Otodus megalodon
Also studied in Pimiento and Balk (LACM 115396, LACM 129862-63)
Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus sp. Agassiz 1843
Mitchell 1965
Isurus planus (Agassiz 1856)
Mitchell 1965
Carcharodon sulcidens Agassiz 1843
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias clavatus Agassiz 1844
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion antiquus
Mitchell 1965
Aprionodon sp. Gill 1861
Mitchell 1965
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843
Mitchell 1965
? Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp. Rafinesque 1810
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Scyliorhinidae
Scyliorhinidae indet. Gill 1862
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Hemipristis serra Agassiz 1843
Mitchell 1965
synonym of Hemipristis heteropleurus
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Eugaleus sp. Gill 1864
Mitchell 1965
synonym of Galeorhinus
Chondrichthyes - Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
Heterodontus cf. francisi
Mitchell 1965
Chondrichthyes - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp. Blainville 1816
Mitchell 1965
Cephaloscyllium sp. Gill 1861
Mitchell 1965
synonym of Scyliorhinus
Chondrichthyes - Squalomorphii - Hexanchidae
Notorhynchus sp. Ayres 1855
Mitchell 1965
Hexanchus sp. Rafinesque 1810
Mitchell 1965
Actinopteri - Scombriformes
Scombroidea indet. Rafinesque-Schmaltz 1815
Mitchell 1965
Reptilia - Testudines - Dermochelyidae
Dermochelyidae sp. Lydekker 1889
Lynch and Parham 2003
Chelonia ? californiensis Gilmore 1937
Mitchell 1965
invalid subgroup of Dermochelyidae
Reptilia - Testudines - Cheloniidae
Euclastes hutchisoni n. sp. Lynch and Parham 2003
Lynch and Parham 2003
recombined as Pacifichelys hutchisoni
cf. Syllomus aegyptiacus Lydekker 1899
Lynch and Parham 2003
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Recurvirostridae
Recurvirostra sp. Linnaeus 1758
Mitchell 1965
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Pelagornithidae
Osteodontornis orri Howard 1957
Stidham 2004
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Anatidae
Anatidae indet. Vigors 1825
Kloess and Parham 2017
Branta sp. Scopoli 1769
Mitchell 1965
Presbychen abavus n. gen., n. sp. Wetmore 1930
Wetmore 1930 1 specimen
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Diomedeidae
Diomedea milleri n. sp. Howard 1966
Howard 1966 1 specimen
Diomedea californica Miller 1962
Howard 1966
synonym of Phoebastria anglica
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Procellariidae
Fulmarus miocaenus n. sp. Howard 1984
Howard 1984 1 specimen
Puffinus sp. Brisson 1760
Wetmore 1930 1 specimen
Puffinus mitchelli Miller 1961
Mitchell 1965
Puffinus inceptor n. sp. Wetmore 1930
Wetmore 1930 1 specimen
Puffinus ? inceptor Wetmore 1930
Howard 1966
Puffinus priscus Miller 1961
Howard 1966
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Ciconiidae
Ciconiidae indet. Sundevall 1836
Howard 1984
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Palaelodidae
Megapaloelodus sp. Miller 1944
Howard 1984
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Pandionidae
Pandion homalopteron n. sp. Warter 1976
Warter 1976 1 specimen
LACM 42815
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Sulidae
Sulidae indet. Reichenbach 1849
Kloess and Parham 2017
Morus sp. Vieillot 1816
Mitchell 1965
Morus vagabundus n. sp. Wetmore 1930
Wetmore 1930 1 specimen
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Paleoparadoxiidae
Paleoparadoxia tabatai (Tokunaga 1939)
Domning 2008
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Miotapirus sp. Schlaikjer 1937
Prothero et al. 2008
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hypohippus sp. (Leidy 1858)
Prothero et al. 2008
original and current combination Anchitherium (Hypohippus)
LACM 30162, LACM 123460
Mammalia - Carnivora - Odobenidae
Pelagiarctos thomasi n. gen., n. sp. Barnes 1988
3 specimens
Mammalia - Carnivora - Desmatophocidae
Allodesmus kernensis Kellogg 1922
Barnes 1969
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Paratomarctus cf. temerarius (Leidy 1858)
Prothero et al. 2008
Mammalia - Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Bouromeryx americanus (Douglass 1899)
Prothero et al. 2008
LACM 4331
see common names

Geography
Country:United States State/province:California County:Kern
Coordinates: 35.5° North, 118.9° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:35.3° North, 113.7° West
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Stage:Langhian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 5
Key time interval:Langhian
Age range of interval:15.97000 - 13.82000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Formation:Temblor Member:Round Mountain
Local section:Tembl Local bed:3
Local order:bottom to top
Stratigraphy comments: Sharktooth Hill Bonebed
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: siltstone
Includes fossils?Y
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Degree of concentration:-bonebed
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:general faunal/floral analysis
Museum repositories:LACM
Metadata
Also known as:LACM 1625, LACM 1655, LACM 3160, LACM 3162, LACM 3205, LACM 3499, LACM 4173, LACM 4672, LACM 4874, LACM 6069, 6688
Database number:59059
Authorizer:M. Uhen, P. Holroyd, J. Parham, J. Marcot Enterer:M. Uhen, P. Holroyd, J. Parham, J. Marcot
Modifier:M. Uhen Research group:vertebrate
Subset of collection #:19542
Collections that are a subset of this one:13297
Created:2006-03-08 08:15:48 Last modified:2019-05-28 18:43:30
Access level:the public Released:2006-03-08 08:15:48
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

16770. L. G. Barnes. 1988. A new fossil pinniped (Mammalia: Otariidae) from the middle Miocene Sharktooth Hill Bonebed, California. Contributions in Science 396:1-11 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]

Secondary references:

41745% 40320L. G. Barnes. 1969. Miocene Desmatophocinae from California. The Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 1(3):3-3 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/J. Alroy]
30424 D. P. Domning. 2008. Desmostylia. In C. M. Janis, G. F. Gunnell, M. D. Uhen (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America, Volume II 640-645 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
40846 H. Howard. 1966. Additional avian records form the Miocene of Sharktooth Hill, California. Contributions in Science 114:1-11 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
40947 H. Howard. 1984. Additional avian records from the Miocene of Kern County, California with the description of a new species of fulmar (Aves: Procellariidae). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 83(2):84-89 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/J. Marcot]
48954 P. A. Kloess and J. F. Parham. 2017. A specimen-based approach to reconstructing the late Neogene seabird communities of California. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 468:473-484 [M. Uhen/H. Reyes/M. Uhen]
17284 S. C. Lynch and J. F. Parham. 2003. The first report of hard-shelled sea turtles (Cheloniidae sensu lato) from the Miocene of California, including a new species (Euclastes hutchisoni) with unusually plesiomorphic characters. PaleoBios 23(3):21-35 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd/P. Mannion]
51904 E. D. Mitchell. 1965. History of research at Sharktooth Hill, Kern County, California. Special Publication of the Kern County Historical Society 1-45 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
52363 C. Pimiento, G. González-Barba, D. J. Ehret, B. J. MacFadden, A. J. W. Hendy and C. Jaramillo. 2013. Sharks and Rays (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the late Miocene Gatun Formation of Panama. Journal of Paleontology 87(5):755-774 [C. Jaramillo/C. Pimiento]
33296 D. R. Prothero, M. R. Liter, L. G. Barnes, X. Wang, E. Mitchell, S. McLeod, D. P. Whistler, R. H. Tedford, and C. Ray. 2008. Land mammals from the middle Miocene Sharktooth Hill Bonebed, Kern County, California. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 44:299-314 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
33297 N. D. Pyenson, R. B. Irmis, J. H. Lipps, L. G. Barnes, E. D. Mitchell and S. A. McLeod. 2009. Origin of a widespread marine bonebed deposited during the middle Miocene Climatic Optimum. Geology 37:519-522 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
40329 T. A. Stidham. 2004. New skull material of Osteodontornis orri (Aves: Pelagornithidae) from the Miocene of California. PaleoBios 24(2):7-12 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
65101 S. L. Warter. 1976. A new osprey from the Miocene of California (Falconiformes: Pandionidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 27:133-139 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
40838 A. Wetmore. 1930. Fossil bird remains from the Temblor Formation near Bakersfield, California. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 19(8):85-93 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]