Anvers, Lillo Formation: Piacenzian, Belgium

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Mammalia - Eutriconodonta - Gobiconodontidae
Trichechodon koninckii Kusuhashi et al. 2016
Kohno and Ray 2008
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros leptorhinus Cuvier 1822
Misonne 1958
Mammalia - Carnivora - Odobenidae
Alachtherium cretsii (Du Bus 1867)
Du Bus 1867
synonym of Ontocetus emmonsi
Trichechus antverpiensis Rutten 1907
Kohno and Ray 2008
synonym of Ontocetus emmonsi
Alachtherium antwerpiensis Hasse 1909
Kohno and Ray 2008
synonym of Ontocetus emmonsi
Mammalia - Cetacea - Balaenidae
Balaena belgica n. sp. Abel 1941
Abel 1941 1 specimen
    = Eubalaena ianitrix Bisconti et al. 2017
Bisconti et al. 2017
see common names

Country:Belgium State/province:Antwerpen
Coordinates: 51.2° North, 4.4° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:51.3° North, 4.1° East
Basis of coordinate:estimated from map
Period:Neogene Epoch:Pliocene
Stage:Piacenzian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Piacenzian
Age range of interval:3.60000 - 2.58800 m.y. ago
Age estimate:3.2 to 2.8 Ma (other)
Formation:Lillo Member:Kruisschans Sands
Stratigraphy comments: late Pliocene
The Kruisschans Sand Member has been dated to 3.2–2.8 Ma based on dinoflagellate cyst and sequence stratigraphy [57]. (Marx & Fordyce, 2015)
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: sandstone
Includes fossils?Y
Environment:offshore indet.
Geology comments: warm-temperate conditions, open waters, occasional cooling events, shoaling
Modes of preservation:body,original phosphate
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Database number:66958
Authorizer:M. Uhen Enterer:M. Uhen
Modifier:B. Shipps Research group:vertebrate
Created:2006-10-30 07:58:52 Last modified:2017-02-26 15:38:36
Access level:the public Released:2006-10-30 07:58:52
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

19086. O. Lambert. 2006. Lambert's 2006 opinions. [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]

Secondary references:

25565 O. Abel. 1941. Vorlaufige Mitteilungen über die Revision der fossilen Mystacoceten aus dem Tertiar Belgiens. Bulletin du Museum Royal d'Historie Naturelles du Belgique 17(32):1-29 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/J. Alroy]
15050 M. Bisconti. 2003. Evolutionary history of Balaenidae. Craniium 20(1):9-50 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
62592 M. Bisconti, O. Lambert, and M. Bosselaers. 2017. Revision of “Balaena” belgica reveals a new right whale species, the possible ancestry of the northern right whale, Eubalaena glacialis, and the ages of divergence for the living right whale species. PeerJ 5:e3464 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
12761 B. Du Bus. 1867. Sur quelques mammiferes du crag d'Anvers. Bulletins de L'Academie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts 24:562-577 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
26222 N. Kohno and C. E. Ray. 2008. Pliocene walruses from the Yorktown Formation of Virginia and North Carolina, and a systematic revision of the North Atlantic Pliocene walruses. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication 14:39-80 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
19087 S. Louwye. 2002. Dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy of the upper Miocene Deurne Sands (Diest Formation) of northern Belgium, southern North Sea Basin. Geological Journal 37:55-67 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
55050 F. G. Marx and R. E. Fordyce. 2015. Baleen boom and bust: a synthesis of mysticete phylogeny, diversity and disparity. Royal Society Open Science 2:140434 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
19106 X. Misonne. 1958. Faune du Tertiare et du Pleistocene inferieur de Belgique (Oiseaux et mammiferes) Donnees paleontologiques. Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Bulletin 34(5):1-36 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]