Cisterna: Tortonian, Italy

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Globigerinoides extremus Bolli and Bermúdez 1965
Bisconti and Varola 2006
Globorotalia acostaensis Blow 1959
Bisconti and Varola 2006
recombined as Neogloboquadrina acostaensis
Mammalia - Cetacea - Balaenidae
Balaenidae indet. (Gray 1821)
Bianucci and Varola 2014 1 specimen
original and current combination Balanadae
Mammalia - Cetacea - Eschrichtiidae
Archaeschrichtius ruggieroi n. gen., n. sp. Bisconti and Varola 2006
Bisconti and Varola 2006 1 specimen
Mammalia - Cetacea
Zygophyseter varolai n. gen., n. sp. Bianucci and Landini 2006
Bianucci and Landini 2006 1 specimen
(1 measurement)
Mammalia - Cetacea - Ziphiidae
Messapicetus longirostris n. gen., n. sp. Bianucci et al. 1992
see common names

Country:Italy State/province:Apulia County:Lecce
Coordinates: 40.3° North, 18.2° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:40.0° North, 17.9° East
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Stage:Tortonian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Tortonian
Age range of interval:11.62000 - 7.24600 m.y. ago
Formation:Pietra Leccese
Stratigraphy comments: Cisterna quarry is 2 m below ground level; early Tortonian (Late Miocene) age, about 8.14-10.5; Upper portion of “Pietra leccese” Formation (Mazzei, 1994)
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:glauconitic,phosphatic lithified lime mudstone
Includes fossils?Y
Environment:transition zone/lower shoreface
Geology comments: Pietra leccese is "Miocene microfossil bearing biomicrite of varying phosphate and glauconite content." Age of the Pietra Leccese Formation ranges in age from Langhian to Serravalian to Tortonian. tropical/subtropical, depth likely changed over time
Modes of preservation:body,original phosphate
Size of fossils:macrofossils,microfossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection excludes:some microfossils
Collection methods:salvage,selective quarrying,field collection
Collection size:1 specimens
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Collection method comments: Museum of "Gruppo Naturalisti Salentini," Lecce, Italy
Database number:45503
Authorizer:M. Uhen Enterer:N. Pyenson, M. Uhen
Modifier:M. Uhen Research group:vertebrate
Created:2004-10-26 09:09:20 Last modified:2019-04-02 10:00:57
Access level:the public Released:2004-10-26 09:09:20
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

11918. G. Bianucci, W. Landini, and A. Varola. 1992. Messapicetus longirostris, a new genus and species of Ziphiidae (Cetacea) from the late Miocene of "Pietra leccese" (Apulia, Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 31(2):261-264 [M. Uhen/N. Pyenson/M. Uhen]

Secondary references:

34893 G. Bianucci, G. Carone, D. P. Domning, W. Landini, L. Rook and S. Sorbi. 2008. Peri-Messinian Dwarfing in Mediterranean Metaxytherium (Mammalia: Sirenia): Evidence of Habitat Degradation Related to the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Garyounis Scientific Bulletin 5:145-157 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
58472 G. Bianucci, A. Collareta, K. Post, A. Varola, and O. Lambert. 2016. A new record of Messapicetus from the Pietra leccese (Late Miocene, Southern Italy): Antitropical distribution in a fossil beaked whale (Cetacea, Ziphiidae). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 122(1):63-74 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
18691 G. Bianucci and W. Landini. 2006. Killer sperm whale: a new basal physeteroid (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Late Miocene of Italy. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 148:103-131 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
64492 G. Bianucci and A. Varola. 2014. I cetacei fossili della Pietra leccese nei musei del Salento. Museologia Scientifica Memoire 13:114-119 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
26193 M. Bisconti and A. Varola. 2006. The oldest eschrictiid mysticete: and a new morphological diagnosis of Eschrichtiidae (gray whales). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigafia 112(3):447-457 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]