Vălioara-Budurone (VB) (Cretaceous of Romania)

Also known as Vălioara Budurone

Where: Hunedoara, Romania (45.6° N, 22.8° E: paleocoordinates 32.7° N, 21.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Member (Densus-Ciula Formation), Late/Upper Maastrichtian (70.6 - 66.0 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: alluvial fan; concretionary, micaceous, pyritic, black, gray, blue, silty mudstone and coarse-grained sandstone

• "a poorly drained alluvial plain, with areas of high water saturation and ponding, but also influenced by fluvial sedimentary processes from nearby channels (probably as crevasse splay deposits, judging from the sheet-like geometry of the coarser beds and lack of identifiable channel-linked structures within them)."
• "dark, grey-bluish to blackish mudstones"; includes pyrite concretions. Fossiliferous bed is "a well-sorted, micaceous silty mudstone, over 1 m thick, wedged between two 40-cm thick lithons of coarse sandstones showing graded bedding, in the median part of the succession. The dark-colored, blackish-slightly bluish silty mudstone is massive, without evident macroscopic sedimentary structures; it contains small, framboidal pyrite concretions and a large quantity of fusinite (charcoal) fragments, sometimes up to 0.5-0.7 cm long."

Size classes: mesofossils, microfossils

Collected by Grigorescu in 1996-1998

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

Primary reference: D. Grigorescu, M. Venczel, Z. Csiki and R. Limberea. 1999. New latest Cretaceous microvertebrate fossil assemblages from the Hateg Basin (Romania). Geologie en Mijnbouw 78:301-314 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 67818: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 12.12.2006, edited by Philip Mannion and Jonathan Tennant

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Acrotretida - Eoconulidae
Eoconulus sp.1 Cooper 1956
 Basommatophora - Physidae
Physa patula1 pulmonate
 Basommatophora - Lymnaeidae
Lymnaea dilatata1 Noulet 1854 pulmonate
 Teleostei -
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteidae indet.1 Cuvier 1825 gar
scales; FGGUB v.401
Lepisosteus sp.1 Agassiz 1843 gar
Atractosteus sp.1 Rafinesque 1820 gar
 Temnospondyli - Albanerpetontidae
Albanerpeton sp. Estes and Hoffstetter 1976 tetrapod
FGGUB v.414
 Salientia -
Anura indet.1 Fischer von Waldheim 1813 frog
FGGUB v.438
 Salientia - Alytidae
Paralatonia transylvanica n. gen. n. sp.1
Paralatonia transylvanica n. gen. n. sp.1 Venczel and Csiki 2003 midwife toads
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
cf. Bakonybatrachus sp.3 Szentesi and Venczel 2012 painted frog
LPG(FGGUB) v. 452
 Testudinata -
Kallokibotion sp.1 Nopcsa 1923 turtle
 Saurischia - Titanosauridae
 Avetheropoda - Troodontidae
Euronychodon sp.1 Antunes and Sigogneau-Russell 1991 coelurosaur
FGGUB R.1826
 Neornithischia -
Telmatosaurus sp.1 Nopcsa 1903 bird foot dinosaur
 Neornithischia - Rhabdodontidae
Zalmoxes sp.1 Weishampel et al. 2003 rhabdodontid
FGGUB R.1812
 Loricata -
Doratodon sp.1 Seeley 1881 crocodilian
 Loricata - Allodaposuchidae
cf. Allodaposuchus precedens Nopcsa 1928 crocodilian
 Loricata - Atoposauridae
Theriosuchus sp.2 Owen 1878 crocodilian
 Squamata -
Lacertilia indet. lizard
indeterminate lizards
Scincomorpha indet.1 Camp 1923 lizard
FGGUB v.481, 482
 Squamata - Slavoiidae
? Slavoia sp.1 Sulimski 1984 lizard
FGGUB v.470
 Ephedrales - Ephedraceae
Ephedripites jansonii1 Muller 1968 jointfir
Leiotriletes sp.1 Potonie and Kremp 1954
 Filicales - Gleicheniaceae
Gleicheniidites sp.1 Dettmann 1963
  - Polypodiaceae
Polypodiidites sp.1 Potonié 1966
Laevigatosporites ovatus1 Wilson and Webster 1946
Cyathidites sp.1 Couper 1953
Cyathidites australis1 Couper 1953
 Schizaeales -
 Schizaeales - Schizaeaceae
Cicatricosisporites sp.1 Potonie and Gelletich 1933
Cicatricosisporites dorogensis1 Potonie and Gelletich 1933
 Lycopodiales -
  - Lycopodiaceae
Lycopodiumsporites sp.1 Delcourt and Sprumont 1955
Rouseisporites simplex1 Dettmann 1963
 Proteales -
Triatriopollenites sp.1 Thomson and Pflug 1953
Carpolithes spp.1 Schlotheim 1820
about 15 indeterminate species
Plicapollis sp.1 Pflug 1953
 Cupressales - Pinidae
Inaperturopollenites dubius1 Thomson and Pflug 1953