Main vertebrate spot (Pliocene of Libya)

Where: Libya (32.7° N, 14.0° E: paleocoordinates 32.6° N, 13.8° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Zanclean (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• early Pliocene

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lagoonal; coarse-grained, pebbly sandstone

• coarse-grained sand to fine-grained conglomerate

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: T. Pawellek, S. Adnet, H. Cappetta, E. Metais, M. Salem, M. Brunet, and J.-J. Jaeger. 2012. Discovery of an earliest Pliocene relic tropical fish fauna in a newly detected cliff section (Sabratah Basin, NW Libya). Neues Jahrbuch for Geologie und Palaontologie Abhandlungen 266(2):93-114 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 136597: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 30.11.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias aff. vulpinus Bonnaterre 1788 thresher shark
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos sp. Link 1790 guitarfish
 Rajiformes - Rhynchobatidae
Rhynchobatus sp. Müller and Henle 1837 wedgefish
 Rhinopristiformes - Pristidae
Anoxypristis sp. White and Moy-Thomas 1941 sawfish
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis cf. centroura Mitchill 1814 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis cf. ? centroura
Dasyatis cf. pastinaca Linnaeus 1758 whiptail stingray
Taeniura sp. Miller and Henle 1837 whiptail stingray
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Aetobatus sp. Blainville 1816 eagle ray
Pteromylaeus sp. Garman 1913 bull ray
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Megaselachus megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Megaselachus megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
Also studied in Pimiento and Balk
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus aff. oxyrinchus Rafinesque 1810 mako shark
Carcharodon carcharias Linnaeus 1758 great white shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias aff. taurus Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion aff. brevirostris Poey 1868 lemon shark
"Galeocerdo cuvier" = Galeocerdo cuvieri Peron and LeSueur 1822 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp. Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
Sphyrna aff. zygaena Linnaeus 1758 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
? Paragaleus sp. Budker 1935 ground shark
or ? Chaenogaleus sp.
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp. Blainville 1816 shark
Actinopteri
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
 Spariformes - Sparidae
 Labriformes - Labridae
Labridae indet. Cuvier 1816
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
cf. Diodon sp. Linnaeus 1758
or Chilomycterus sp.
Mammalia
 Sirenia -
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equidae indet. Gray 1821 horse
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant