Osteroden sand pit (Eocene of Germany)

Where: Lower Saxony,, Germany (52.5° N, 7.8° E: paleocoordinates 49.4° N, 3.8° E)

When: Lutetian (47.8 - 41.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marine; unlithified, fine-grained sandstone and conglomerate

• the base of the Eocene sediment succession in outcrop is formed of phosphatic gravel or conglomerate rich in fossil shark teeth. He discussed that this gravel layer could possibly represent a transgressive conglomerate. Overlying the basal gravel beds are fine grained unconsolidated sands of up to 1.5 m thickness in both the Dalum and Osteroden sand pits, but only the latter contained areas in which aragonite has not been dissolved and thus otoliths have been preserved.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite

Primary reference: W. Schwarzhans. 2007. The otoliths from the middle Eocene of Osteroden near Bramsche, north-western Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 244(3):299-369 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 188954: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 22.09.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
  -
"Haemulidarum kokeni" = Percidarum kokeni
"Haemulidarum kokeni" = Percidarum kokeni Leriche 1905 bony fish
Actinopteri
 Anguilliformes - Muraenesocidae
Muraenesox furcatus n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007 eel
 Anguilliformes - Ophichthidae
Echelus sp. Rafinesque 1810 eel
 Anguilliformes - Congridae
Paraconger sauvagei Priem 1906 conger eel
Rhynchoconger eocenicus Shepherd 1916 conger eel
Congridarum sp. Kaup 1856 conger eel
Congridarum thevenini Priem 1906 conger eel
 Notacanthiformes - Notacanthidae
Notacanthus nolfi n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Albuliformes - Pterothrissidae
Pterothrissus umbonatus Koken 1884 bonefish
 Scorpaeniformes - Triglidae
Triglidarum praeiatus n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007 sea robin
 Beryciformes -
"Epigonidarum lerichei" = Monocentris lerichei
"Epigonidarum lerichei" = Monocentris lerichei Schubert 1916
 Beryciformes - Berycidae
Centroberyx sp. Gill 1862
Centroberyx ingens Koken 1884
 Beryciformes - Trachichthyidae
"Gephyroberyx hexagonalis" = Hoplostethus hexagonalis
"Gephyroberyx hexagonalis" = Hoplostethus hexagonalis Leriche 1905
 Beloniformes - Hemiramphidae
Hemirhamphidarum accisus n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
 Pleuronectiformes - Bothidae
"Rhombocitharus biaculeatus" = Bothidarum biaculeatus, Bothus nativus n. sp.
"Rhombocitharus biaculeatus" = Bothidarum biaculeatus Nolf and Lapierre 1979 flatfish
Bothus nativus n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007 flatfish
 Pleuronectiformes - Citharidae
"Lepidorhombus circularis" = Eucitharus circularis
"Lepidorhombus circularis" = Eucitharus circularis Casier 1966 flatfish
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
"Scombridarum euodus" = Pneumatophorus euodus
"Scombridarum euodus" = Pneumatophorus euodus Nolf 1972
 Scombriformes - Centrolophidae
"Centrolophidarum sinuosus" = Mupus sinuosus
"Centrolophidarum sinuosus" = Mupus sinuosus Stinton 1965
 Kurtiformes - Apogonidae
Apogonidarum macrolepis Storms 1898 Cardinalfish
 Gobiiformes - Odontobutidae
 Ophidiiformes - Carapidae
Encheliophis crassidorsalis n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
Carapus lisus Nolf 1972
 Ophidiiformes - Ophididae
"Sirembola arcuata" = Brotula arcuata
"Sirembola arcuata" = Brotula arcuata Casier 1966
 Ophidiiformes - Bythitidae
Bythitidarum moelleri n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Ophidiiformes - Ophidiidae
Ophidiidarum sp. Koken 1885
Ophidiidarum compactus n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
"Bidenichthys symmetricus" = Ophidiidarum symmetricus Frost 1934
"Fierasferoides subregularis" = Ophidiidarum subregularis Schubert 1916
Preophidion convexus Stinton 1977
Gadophycis bramscheensis n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
"Aequalobythites aequalis" = Lepophidium aequalis Stinton and Nolf 1970
Hoplobrotula sp. Gill 1864
Hoplobrotula lerichei Stinton and Nolf 1970
 Ophidiiformes -
"Nolfophidion tumidus" = Sirembo tumidus
"Nolfophidion tumidus" = Sirembo tumidus Nolf 1972
 Batrachoidiformes - Batrachoididae
? Batrachoididarum sp. Jordan and Evermann 1898 toadfish
 Perciformes - Serranidae
Epinephelus plicatus Stinton 1978 perch-like fish
 Perciformes -
"Platycephalus colletti" = Haliophis colletti
"Platycephalus colletti" = Haliophis colletti Nolf and Lapierre 1979 perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Sparidae
"Sparidarum pectinoides" = Lagodon pectinoides
"Sparidarum pectinoides" = Lagodon pectinoides Stinton and Nolf 1970 perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Cepolidae
Cepola bartonensis Schubert 1916 perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Platycephalidae
Platycephalus sp. Bloch 1795 perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Trachinidae
Trachinus falcatus Schwarzhans 2007 perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Scorpaenidae
Scorpaenidarum menzeli n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007 perch-like fish
"Cottidarum acutus" = Scorpaenidarum acutus Frost 1934 perch-like fish
Scorpaena osterodenensis n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007 scorpionfish
 Uranoscopiformes - Champsodontidae
Champsodon vonderhochti n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Uranoscopiformes - Ammodytidae
Ammodytidarum inconspectus n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Sparidarum sp., "Pristigenys rutoti" = Sparidarum rutoti, "Dapalis meldertensis" = Pagrosomus meldertensis, Dentex sp., "Haemulidarum pulcher" = Dentex pulcher
Sparidarum sp. Bonaparte 1832
"Pristigenys rutoti" = Sparidarum rutoti Leriche 1905
"Dapalis meldertensis" = Pagrosomus meldertensis Nolf 1972
Dentex sp. Cuvier 1815
"Haemulidarum pulcher" = Dentex pulcher Frost 1934
 Lophiiformes - Chaunacidae
Chaunax sp. Lowe 1846 anglerfish
 Lophiiformes -
"Chaunax excavatus" = Antennarius excavatus, "Halieutaea cirrhosa" = Ogcocephalus cirrhosus
"Chaunax excavatus" = Antennarius excavatus Stinton 1978 anglerfish
"Halieutaea cirrhosa" = Ogcocephalus cirrhosus Stinton 1978 anglerfish
 Acanthomorphata - Emmelichthyidae
Emmelichthyidarum steurbauti n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Acanthomorphata - Caproidae
Antigonia angusta Stinton and Nolf 1970
 Holocentriformes - Holocentridae
"Epigonidarum aff. selsiensis" = Lepidotrigla selsiensis, Holocentrus sheppeyensis
"Epigonidarum aff. selsiensis" = Lepidotrigla selsiensis Stinton 1978
 Gadiformes - Ranicipitidae
Raniceps sp. Oken 1817
 Gadiformes - Gadidae
Gadidarum amsianus n. sp., "Hoplobrotuloides bartonensis" = Phycis bartonensis
Gadidarum amsianus n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
"Hoplobrotuloides bartonensis" = Phycis bartonensis Schubert 1916
 Gadiformes - Bregmacerotidae
Bregmaceros felkeri n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Gadiformes - Merlucciidae
 Aulopiformes - Chlorophthalmidae
Chlorophthalmus deflecticauda n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
 Aulopiformes - Synodontidae
 Clupeiformes - Clupeoidei
Clupeidarum sp. Cuvier 1817 hering
 Siluriformes - Ariidae
Arius sp. Cuvier and Valenciennes 1840 Ariid catfish
 Gasterosteiformes - Macrorhamphosidae
Macrorhamphosidarum testuliformis n. sp. Schwarzhans 2007
Ambassis
  -
"Percoideorum electilis" = Ambassis electilis
"Percoideorum electilis" = Ambassis electilis Stinton and Nolf 1970
Upeneus
  -
"Mullidarum obsoletus" = Upeneus obsoletus
"Mullidarum obsoletus" = Upeneus obsoletus Stinton 1984
Promyllantor
  -
"Pseudophichthys guttulus" = Promyllantor guttulus
"Pseudophichthys guttulus" = Promyllantor guttulus Stinton 1975
Nolfophidion fitchi
  -
"Nolfophidion aff. fitchi" = Neobythitinarum fitchi
"Nolfophidion aff. fitchi" = Neobythitinarum fitchi Nolf 1980
Minous
  -
"Cepola excavata" = Minous excavatus
"Cepola excavata" = Minous excavatus Stinton 1978