Wadi Moghra (Miocene of Egypt)

Also known as Wadi Moghara

Where: Egypt (30.4° N, 28.8° E: paleocoordinates 29.5° N, 27.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Moghara Formation, MN 4 (16.9 - 16.0 Ma)

• type section of formation is "about 230 m" (Morlo et al. 2007)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; medium-grained, ferruginous sandstone

• formation is "a clastic sequence with a fluvio-marine fauna... formed in a marginal marine coastal realm at the distal reaches of a large fluviatile system trending from southeast to northwest, combined with episodic marine transgressions" (Morlo et al. 2007)
• "The fluviatile sands alternate with near-shore marine deposits comprised of sands and shales... Sands are generally fine to medium-grained, fairly well-sorted, and primarily quartzose in composition. Current structures such as cross-lamination and ripples are frequent as are pebble-sized clasts of both quartz and flint. Mud clasts line paleoerosion surfaces (channel scours), which are commonly ferruginous, associated with petrified wood, and are the source of the fossil vertebrates." (Morlo et al. 2007)

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: original collections described by Fourtau (1918, 1920), with newly collected material described starting with Miller (1996)

Primary reference: R. Fourtau. 1918. Contribution à l'étude des vertébrés miocènes de l'Égypte 1-109 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 53970: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 20.09.2005, edited by John Alroy and Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• list consists of specimens from Wadi Moghra that are not assigned to numbered localities
 Rhinopristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis sp. Linck 1790 sawfish
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna prisca Agassiz 1843 hammerhead shark
 Perciformes - Latidae
Lates sp.1 Cuvier 1828 lates
 Siluriformes - Mochokidae
Synodontis sp. Cuvier 1816 upside down catfish
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx senckenbergianus Reinach 1903 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
Mogharemys blanckenhorni n. gen. n. sp.2 Dacque 1912 sideneck turtle
BMNH R.8440, holotype skull
Latentemys plowdeni n. gen. n. sp.2 Gaffney et al. 2011 sideneck turtle
BMNH R.11998; type horizon of Moghara Fm. conjectural
Podocnemis aegyptiaca river turtle
Podocnemis bramlyi n. sp. Fourtau 1918 river turtle
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Leptoptilos sp.3 Lesson 1831 stork
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
"Crocodilus lloydi n. sp." = Rimasuchus lloydi
"Crocodilus lloydi n. sp." = Rimasuchus lloydi Fourtau 1918 crocodile
CGM 15597 (incomplete cranium and mandible); topotype - NHMUK unnumbered (nearly complete skull)
 Crocodylia -
Tomistoma dowsoni n. sp. Fourtau 1918 false gharial
Gavialis sp. Oppel 1811 gharial
 Primates - Victoriapithecidae
Prohylobates tandyi n. gen. n. sp.
Prohylobates tandyi n. gen. n. sp. Fourtau 1918 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
? Dryopithecus mogharensis n. sp. Fourtau 1918 ape
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Aceratherium sp. Kaup 1834 rhinoceros
Teleoceras snowi n. sp. Fourtau 1918 rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyon giganteus4 Schinz 1825 bear-dog
Cynelos anubisi n. sp.4 Morlo and Miller 2019 bear-dog
said to be new
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp. Brisson 1762 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Mastodon angustidens" = Tetrabelodon angustidens Cuvier 1806 gomphothere
var. libyca
Gomphotherium angustidens7 Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
subspecies libycum
Afrochoerodon kisumuensis7 Picford 2001 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mastodon spenceri n. sp. Fourtau 1918 mastodon
Zygolophodon aegyptensis n. sp.7 Sanders and Miller 2002 mastodon
 Proboscidea - Amebelodontidae
cf. Archaeobelodon sp.7 Tassy 1984 proboscidean
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Brachyodus africanus anthracothere
Brachyodus moneyi n. sp. Fourtau 1918 anthracothere
Masritherium depereti n. gen. n. sp. Fourtau 1918 anthracothere
 Ungulata - Climacoceratidae
Prolibytherium magnieri6 Arambourg 1961 even-toed ungulate
 Hyaenodonta -
Buhakia moghraensis n. gen. n. sp.5
Buhakia moghraensis n. gen. n. sp.5 Morlo et al. 2007 eutherian
 Hyaenodonta - Hyainailouridae
Hyainailouros fortaui n. sp.5 eutherian
"Hyaena sp." of Fourtau 1920
Megistotherium osteothlastes5 Savage 1973 eutherian
 Cetacea -
Delphinus vanzelleri n. sp. Fourtau 1918 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Eurhinodelphinidae
"Cyrtodelphis aff. sulcatus" = Schizodelphis sulcatus
"Cyrtodelphis aff. sulcatus" = Schizodelphis sulcatus Gervais 1853 toothed whale