Vale de Zebro (Miocene of Portugal)

Where: Portugal (39.3° N, 8.1° W: paleocoordinates 39.4° N, 8.7° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: MN 13 mammal zone, Esbarrondadoiro Formation, Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marine; conglomerate

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. T. Antunes, P. Mein, and J. Pais. 1986. Depósito messianos do sul de Portugal, mamíferos (incluindo Rodentia e Lagomorpha) e idades K-Ar*. Ciéncias da Terra, Lisboa 8:55-64 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 91423: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 22.09.2009, edited by Catalina Pimiento

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina subserrata1 angel shark
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon1
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon1 Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos sp.1 Link 1790 guitarfish
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 skate
 Rajiformes - Rhynchobatidae
Rhynchobatus pristinus1 Probst 1877 wedgefish
 Myliobatiformes - Gymnuridae
Gymnura sp.1 Van Hasselt 1823 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp.1 Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis centroura2 Mitchill 1814 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis pastinaca2 Linnaeus 1758 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis gigas2 Gunther 1870 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis cf. margaritella2 Compagno and Roberts 1984 whiptail stingray
Taeniura grabata1 Saint-Hilaire 1817 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp.1 Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp.1 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Pteromylaeus sp.1 Garman 1913 bull ray
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Anoxypristis sp.1 White and Moy-Thomas 1941 sawfish
 Lamniformes - Pseudocarchariidae
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai1 Matsubara 1936 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus desori1, "Carcharias cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata1
Isurus desori1 Sismonda 1849 mako shark
"Carcharias cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata1 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias acutissima1 Agassiz 1843 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinus sp.1 de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
Carcharhinus perezi1 Poey 1876 requiem shark
Carcharhinus leucas1 Valenciennes 1839 requiem shark
Carcharhinus plumbeus1 Nardo 1827 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp.1 Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Scyliorhinidae
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Paragaleus antunesi1 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Mustelus sp.1 hound shark
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Mammalia
 Sirenia -
 Rodentia - Muridae
Stephanomys ramblensis van de Weerd 1976 mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Trischizolagus sp. Radulesco and Samson 1967 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Giraffidae indet. Gray 1821 giraffe
Aetobatus
  - Aetobatidae
Aetobatus sp.1 Blainville 1816