Máriahalom (Oligocene of Hungary)

Where: Hungary (47.6° N, 18.7° E: paleocoordinates 44.6° N, 16.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Mány Member (Törökbálint Formation), Rupelian (33.9 - 28.1 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lagoonal; sandstone

• The Törökbálint Formation includes deposits from different palaeoenvironments including brackish to normal marine conditions (Korpás 1981; Nagymarosy 2012). The Mány Member, with a predominantly brackish mollusc community (e.g. Pirenella, Polymesoda, Potamides, Brotia; Báldi and Cságoly 1975), represents a transition between alluvial and normal marine conditions and is interpreted as a product of lagoonal environments (Báldi 1967; Nagymarosy and Gyalog 1997; Nagymarosy 2012).

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. Szabo, G. Botfalvai, L. Kocsis, G. Carnevale, O. Sztano, Z. Evanics, and M. Rabi. 2017. Upper Oligocene marine fishes from nearshore deposits of the Central Paratethys (Máriahalom, Hungary). Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 186636: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 28.06.2017, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp. Dumeril 1806 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
Cosmopolitodus sp. Glükman 1964 elasmobranch
 Euselachii -
Myliobatiformes indet. Compagno 1973 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Aetomylaeus sp. Garman 1908 eagle ray
Rhinoptera cf. schultzi Hiden 1995 cownose ray
Rhinoptera cf. studeri Agassiz 1843 cownose ray
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspididae indet. Müller and Henle 1839 sand tiger shark
Carcharoides catticus Philippi 1846 sand tiger shark
Carcharias gustrowensis Winkler 1875 sand shark
Carcharias cf. acutissima Agassiz 1843 sand shark
Araloselachus cuspidatus sand tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinidae indet. Jordan and Evermann 1896 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata Leriche 1910 hammerhead shark
Actinopteri
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena sp. Walbaum 1792 barracuda
 Scombriformes - Palaeorhynchidae
Aglyptorhynchus sp. Casier 1966
 Scombriformes - Trichiuridae
 Acanthuriformes - Sciaenidae
Sciaena sp. Linnaeus 1758
 Acanthomorphata - Moronidae
aff. Morone sp. Mitchill 1814 temperate bass
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Sparidae indet. Cuvier 1817
Mammalia
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Pachycynodon boriei bear
MTM VER 2016.3619 and 3620
 Carnivora -
Mustelida "gen. et sp. indet. 1" Tedford 1976 carnivoran
MTM VER 2016.3621; cf. Amphictis or Franconictis
Mustelida "gen. et sp. indet. 2" Tedford 1976 carnivoran
MTM VER 2016.3622
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Potamotherium valletoni mustelid carnivore
MTM VER 2016.3616-3618