Hondeklip Bay (Pliocene of South Africa)

Where: South Africa (30.3° S, 17.3° E: paleocoordinates 30.4° S, 16.9° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Early or Middle Pliocene age (5Ma or 3.6Ma to 2.7 Ma), bearing in mind the international ratification of the new Quaternary boundary at 2.8 Ma (Gibbard et al., 2010) according with Avery and Klein (2011) citing Peher (2000)

Environment/lithology: shoreface; quartzose, brown, green, yellow sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J. Pether. 1986. Late Tertiary and early Quaternary marine deposits of the Namaqualand coast, Cape Province: new perspectives. South African Journal of Science 82:464-470 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 74791: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 29.08.2007, edited by Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
? Creodonta indet.
? creodont
Odontoceti indet.
cetacean (large-toothed sp.)
Chondrichthyes
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Carcharodon cf. megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Carcharodon cf. megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
Osteichthyes
 Osteichthyes -
Osteichthyes indet. Huxley 1880 bony fish
Actinopteri
 Labriformes - Labridae
Aves
 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthionidae indet. Vigors 1825 ostrich
ostrich
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Phocidae indet. Gray 1821 seal
seal
Homiphoca capensis1 Hendey and Repenning 1972 seal
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Myacyon kiptalami2 Morales and Pickford 2005 bear-dog
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotheriidae indet. Hay 1922 gomphothere
gomphothere