Summerville (Oligocene of the United States)

Where: Dorchester County, South Carolina (33.0° N, 80.3° W: paleocoordinates 33.1° N, 74.8° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Chandler Bridge Formation, Chattian (28.1 - 23.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: shoreface; silty, sandy claystone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: D. J. Cicimurri and J. L. Knight. 2009. Late Oligocene sharks and rays from the Chandler Bridge Formation, Dorchester County, South Carolina, USA. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 54(4):627-647 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 97550: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 06.08.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Crustacea
  -
Crustacea indet. Brünnich 1772
Ostracoda
  -
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
Bivalvia
  -
"Pelecypoda indet." = Bivalvia
"Pelecypoda indet." = Bivalvia Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
Scaphopoda
  -
Scaphopoda indet. Bronn 1862 tusk shell
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina cf. angeloides Van Beneden 1873 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias cf. vulpinus Bonnaterre 1788 thresher shark
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758 skate
Raja mccollumi n. sp. Cicimurri and Knight 2009 skate
 Rajiformes - Rhynchobatidae
Rhynchobatus pristinus Probst 1877 wedgefish
 Myliobatiformes - Gymnuridae
Gymnura sp. Van Hasselt 1823 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatidae indet. Jordan 1888 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis rugosa Probst 1877 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis cavernosa Probst 1877 whiptail stingray
Plinthicus stenodon Cope 1869 eagle ray
Rhinoptera cf. studeri Agassiz 1843 cownose ray
Mobula cf. loupianensis Cappetta 1970 devil ray
"Paramobula fragilis" = Manta fragilis Cappetta 1970 manta
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
"? Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus
"? Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus Leriche 1908 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharocles sp." = Otodus (Carcharocles)
"Carcharocles sp." = Otodus (Carcharocles) Jordan 1923 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Carcharias cuspidatus" = Lamna cuspidata
"Carcharias cuspidatus" = Lamna cuspidata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Physogaleus sp. Cappetta 1980 requiem shark
"Physogaleus aduncus" = Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Carcharhinus gibbesi Woodward 1889 requiem shark
Rhizoprionodon sp. Whitley 1929 sharpnose shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna zygaena Linnaeus 1758 hammerhead shark
Sphyrna cf. media Springer 1940 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Scyliorhinidae
Bythaelurus sp. Compagno 1988 cat shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Galeorhinus sp. de Blainville and Prévost 1816 school shark
 Orectolobiformes - Rhincodontidae
Rhincodon cf. typus Smith 1828 whale shark
 Orectolobiformes - Orectolobidae
Nebrius cf. serra Leidy 1877 nurse shark
Actinopteri
 Albuliformes - Albulidae
Albulidae indet. Bleeker 1859 bonefish
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Scombridae indet. Rafinesque 1815
 Scombriformes - Trichiuridae
 Scombriformes - Palaeorhynchidae
Aglyptorhynchus sp. Casier 1966
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Sparidae indet. Cuvier 1817
 Labriformes - Labridae
Labridae indet. Cuvier 1816
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
? Lepisosteidae indet. Cuvier 1825 gar
Reptilia
 Crocodylia -
"Gavialosuchus carolinensis" = Thecachampsa carolinensis
"Gavialosuchus carolinensis" = Thecachampsa carolinensis Erickson and Sawyer 1996 crocodilian
Private collection of L. Eberle (partial skeleton)
Mammalia
 Cetacea - Squalodontidae
Squalodon sp. Grateloup 1840 toothed whale
"protocetid cetacean (BCGM 9198), Squalodon"
Echinoidea
 Cidaroidea -
Cidaroidea indet. Claus 1880 sea urchin
Anthozoa
 Zoantharia -
Scleractinia indet. Bourne 1900 stony coral