Gurlarn (Miocene of Germany)

Where: Germany (48.5° N, 13.3° E: paleocoordinates 48.8° N, 11.7° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• Late Burdigalian, Ottnangian stage. Dated as early Ottnangian based on benthic Foraminifera

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: open shallow subtidal; unlithified marl

• Relatively quiet setting affected by bottom currents at a paleo-depth of approximately 20 metres.
• Although this basal layer is predominantly composed of marl, it contains locally also coarse grained lenses composed largely of degraded granite sand, or patches of micritic limestone. The parautochthonous fauna considered here occurs in both siliciclastic and limestone facies Unlithified based on fossil preservation and sieving method.

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the BSP

Collection methods: peroxide, sieve

Primary reference: S. Schneider, B. Berning, M. A. Bitner, R. Carriol, M. Jaeger, J. Kriwet, A. Kroh and W. Werner. 2009. A parautochthonous shallow marine fauna from the Late Burdigalian (early Ottnangian) of Gurlarn (Lower Bavaria, SE Germany): Macrofaunal inventory and paleoecology. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 254(1-2):63-103 [W. Kiessling/M. Krause/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 188985: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Mihaela Krause on 25.09.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Maxillopoda
 Acrothoracica -
 Scalpelliformes - Scalpellidae
Scalpellidae indet. Pilsbry 1907 barnacle
 Sessilia - Verrucidae
Verruca sp. Schumacher 1817 barnacle
 Sessilia - Archaeobalanidae
Archaeobalanidae indet. Newman and Ross 1976 barnacle
Acasta vesiculosa Carriol 2008 barnacle
 Sessilia - Balanidae
Balanidae indet. Leach 1817 barnacle
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Megathyrididae
"Argyrotheca cf. subradiata" = Bronnothyris subradiata, Megathiris detruncata
"Argyrotheca cf. subradiata" = Bronnothyris subradiata Sandberger 1862
Megathiris detruncata Gmelin 1791
 Terebratulida - Terebratulidae
Gurlarnella waltli n. gen. n. sp.
Gurlarnella waltli n. gen. n. sp. Bitner and Schneider 2009
 Rhynchonellida - Basiliolidae
Aphelesia winebergeri n. sp. Bitner and Schneider 2009
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Barbatia barbata" = Barbatia (Barbatia) barbata Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Flexopecten palmatus Lamarck 1806 scallop
Flexopecten davidi Fontannes 1876 scallop
Manupecten fasciculatus Millet 1854 scallop
Manupecten cf. puymoriae Mayer-Eymar 1857 scallop
Pecten sp. Müller 1776 scallop
Palliolum sp. Monterosato 1884 scallop
Aequipecten macrotis Sowerby 1847 scallop
? Hinnites crispus Brocchi 1814 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia ephippium Linnaeus 1758 jingle
Pododesmus sp. Philippi 1837 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea digitalina" = Cubitostrea digitalina
"Ostrea digitalina" = Cubitostrea digitalina Eichwald 1830 oyster
 Carditida - Carditidae
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula sp. Lamarck 1799 nut clam
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
Sthenorytis proglobosa Sacco 1891 wentletrap
Cirsotrema miovaricosum Sacco 1891 wentletrap
Epitonium cf. kostejanum Boettger 1902 wentletrap
Gymnolaemata
 Cheilostomata -
 Cheilostomata - Lepraliellidae
Celleporaria sp. Lamouroux 1821
 Cheilostomata - Bryocryptellidae
Porella sp. Gray 1848
 Cheilostomata - Cribrilinidae
 Cheilostomata -
 Cheilostomata - Microporellidae
Microporella sp. Hincks 1877
 Cheilostomata - Myriaporidae
 Cheilostomata - Schizoporellidae
 Cheilostomata - Phidoloporidae
Reteporella sp. Busk 1884
Rhynchozoon sp. Hincks 1895
 Cheilostomata - Celleporidae
Celleporina sp. Gray 1848
 Cheilostomata - Bitectiporidae
Schizomavella sp. Canu and Bassler 1917
 Cheilostomata - Smittinidae
 Cheilostomata - Candidae
Scrupocellaria sp. van Beneden 1845
 Cheilostomata - Cellariidae
Cellaria "sp. 1" Ellis and Solander 1786
Cellaria "sp. 2" Ellis and Solander 1786
Cellaria "sp. 3" Ellis and Solander 1786
 Cheilostomata - Steginoporellidae
Steginoporella rhodanica Buge and David 1967
Steginoporella aff. mediterranea Pouyet and David 1979
 Cheilostomata - Onychocellidae
Onychocella sp. Jullien 1882
 Cheilostomata - Chaperiidae
? Chaperiopsis sp. Uttley 1949
Stenolaemata
 Cyclostomata - Cerioporidae
Ceriopora sp. Goldfuss 1826
 Cyclostomata - Heteroporidae
 Cyclostomata -
Tubuliporina "indet. 1" Milne Edwards 1838
Tubuliporina "indet. 2" Milne Edwards 1838
 Cyclostomata - Plagioeciidae
? Plagioecia sp. Canu 1918
 Cyclostomata - Terviidae
 Cyclostomata - Tubuliporidae
Idmidronea sp. Canu and Bassler 1920
 Cyclostomata - Frondiporidae
 Cyclostomata - Crisinidae
 Cyclostomata - Horneridae
Hornera sp. Lamouroux 1821
 Cyclostomata - Lichenoporidae
Patinella sp. Gray 1848
 Cyclostomatida - Crisiidae
Chondrichthyes
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus fossilis Leriche 1927 shark
Actinopteri
 Teleostei -
Perciformes indet. Stirton 1953 perch-like fish
 Perciformes - Sparidae
Sparidae indet. Bonaparte 1832 perch-like fish
 Labriformes - Labridae
"? Labroidei indet." = Labridae
"? Labroidei indet." = Labridae Cuvier 1816
Ophiuroidea
 Phrynophiurida - Gorgonocephalidae
? Gorgonocephalidae indet. Ljungman 1867 brittle star
Echinoidea
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Cidarinae "sp. 1" Gray 1825 pencil urchin
 Euechinoidea -
Echinacea indet. sea urchin
 Camarodonta - Echinidae
Psammechinus dubius Agassiz 1840 sea urchin
Subspecies "Psammechinus dubius dubius"
 Diadematoida - Diadematidae
Diadematidae indet. Gray 1855 sea urchin
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Dendrophylliidae
Dendrophyllia cf. trifurcata Sismonda 1871 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Flabellidae
Flabellum cf. vaticani Ponzi 1876 stony coral
Flabellum cf. lobatum Zuffardi-Comerci 1932 stony coral