Socorro (Miocene of Venezuela)

Where: Falcon, Venezuela (11.4° N, 69.7° W: paleocoordinates 10.9° N, 67.2° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Socorro Formation, Middle Miocene (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; sandstone

• Tropical, sublittoral environment.
• Sandstone, clay stone, fossiliferous marl and limestone in the lower interval, and sandstone, turf and laminate clay stone without calcareous or fossiliferous horizon in the upper ones

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Specimens deposited in Universidad Nacional Experimental Francisco de Miranda

Primary reference: O. Aguilera and D. R. de Aguilera. 2004. Giant-toothed White Sharks and Wide-toothed Mako (Lamnidae) from the Venezuela Neogene: Their Role in the Caribbean, Shallow-water Fish Assemblage. Caribbean Journal of Science 40(3):368-382 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/C. Pimiento]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 161210: authorized by Carlos Jaramillo, entered by Catalina Pimiento on 02.09.2014

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Aetobatus arcuatus Agassiz 1843 eagle ray
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo sp. Müller and Henle 1837 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp. Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Mugiliformes - Mugilidae
Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758
 Pleuronectiformes - Cynoglossidae
Symphurus sp. flatfish
 Pleuronectiformes - Paralichthyidae
Citharichthys sp. Bleeker 1862 flatfish