Libano (Miocene of Italy)

Where: Italy (46.1° N, 12.2° E: paleocoordinates 45.0° N, 11.4° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Libano Sandstone Formation, Aquitanian (23.0 - 20.4 Ma)

• age is from Bianucci and Landini (2002), Geobios Memoire special no. 24

Environment/lithology: marine; glauconitic sandstone

• molasse di Bolzano e di Liban a Mammiferi

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: G. Dal Piaz. 1916. Gli Odontoceti del Miocene Bellunese, Parte Prima: Rassegna storica e studio stratigrafico. Memoirie dell'Instituto geologico della R. Università di Padova 5:1-25 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 47623: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 28.02.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Oxyrhina hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis2
"Oxyrhina hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis2 Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Plagiostomi - Squalidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon2
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon2 Agassiz 1843 megalodon
Given Aquitanian age, the sp has to be C. chubutensis (subauriculatus). See Pimiento et al. 2013 for details on the assignments of this chronospecies
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp.2 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Oxyrhina minuta" = Isurus minutus2, "Oxyrhina desori" = Isurus oxyrinchus2, "Odontaspis cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata2
"Oxyrhina minuta" = Isurus minutus2 Agassiz 1843 mako shark
"Oxyrhina desori" = Isurus oxyrinchus2 Rafinesque 1810 mako shark
"Odontaspis cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata2 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis contortidens2 Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo aduncus2 Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus2
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus2 Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
"Notidanus primigenius" = Notorhynchus primigenius2
"Notidanus primigenius" = Notorhynchus primigenius2 Agassiz 1843 sevengill shark
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
 Perciformes -
Sphyraenodus bottii2 perch-like fish
 Spariformes - Sparidae
"Chrysophrys cf. cincta" = Otolithus (Chrysophris)2
"Chrysophrys cf. cincta" = Otolithus (Chrysophris)2
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp.2 Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros cf. aurelianensis one-horned rhinoceros
 Cetacea - Squalodontidae
Squalodon bariensis1 Jourdan 1861 toothed whale
n. subspecies bellunensis
Squalodon peregrinus n. sp.8 Dal Piaz 1971 toothed whale
Squalodon bellunensis10 Dal Piaz 1901 toothed whale
"Pachyodon catulli n. sp." = Squalodon catulli11 Molin 1859 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Dalpiazinidae
"Acrodelphis ombonii" = Dalpiazina ombonii2
"Acrodelphis ombonii" = Dalpiazina ombonii2 Longhi 1898 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Squalodelphinidae
Squalodelphis fabianii n. gen. n. sp.7
Squalodelphis fabianii n. gen. n. sp.7 Dal Piaz 1917 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Physeteridae
"Scaldicetus bolzanensis" = Idiorophus bolzanensis5
"Scaldicetus bolzanensis" = Idiorophus bolzanensis5 Dal Piaz 1916 sperm whale
 Cetacea -
Scaldicetus bellunensis n. sp.12 Dal Piaz 1922 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
Delphinus taramelli9 de Zigno 1875 common dolphin
 Cetacea -
Protodelphinus capellinii4 Dal Piaz 1916 toothed whale
Delphinodon mento2 Cope 1867 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Eurhinodelphinidae
Ziphiodelphis abeli2, "Eurhinodelphis sigmoideus n. sp." = Ziphiodelphis sigmoideus12, Schizodelphis sulcatus12, "Eurhinodelphis bellunensis n. sp." = Mycteriacetus bellunensis12
Ziphiodelphis abeli2 Bassani and Misuri 1913 toothed whale
"Eurhinodelphis sigmoideus n. sp." = Ziphiodelphis sigmoideus12 Pilleri 1985 toothed whale
Schizodelphis sulcatus12 Gervais 1853 toothed whale
"Eurhinodelphis bellunensis n. sp." = Mycteriacetus bellunensis12 Pilleri 1985 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Eoplatanistidae
"Zignodelphis miocaenus n. gen. n. sp." = Eoplatanista miocaenus14, "Eoplatanista italica n. gen. n. sp." = Eoplatanista italica6, "Schizodelphis brachycephalus n. sp." = Eoplatanista italica12, "Cyrtodelphis gresalensis n. sp." = Eoplatanista gresalensis3, "Schizodelphis yablokovi n. sp." = Eoplatanista gresalensis13
"Zignodelphis miocaenus n. gen. n. sp." = Eoplatanista miocaenus14 Pilleri 1989 toothed whale
"Eoplatanista italica n. gen. n. sp." = Eoplatanista italica6 Dal Piaz 1916 toothed whale
"Schizodelphis brachycephalus n. sp." = Eoplatanista italica12 Dal Piaz 1916 toothed whale
"Cyrtodelphis gresalensis n. sp." = Eoplatanista gresalensis3 Dal Piaz 1916 toothed whale
"Schizodelphis yablokovi n. sp." = Eoplatanista gresalensis13 Dal Piaz 1916 toothed whale
[entered as Schizodelphis yablakovi]
 Pinales - Pinaceae