Summerville (Oligocene of the United States)

Where: Dorchester County, South Carolina (33.0° N, 80.3° W: paleocoordinates 33.1° N, 74.8° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Chandler Bridge Formation, Chattian (28.1 - 23.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: shoreface; silty, sandy claystone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: D. J. Cicimurri and J. L. Knight. 2009. Late Oligocene sharks and rays from the Chandler Bridge Formation, Dorchester County, South Carolina, USA. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 54(4):627-647 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 97550: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 06.08.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Crustacea
  -
Crustacea indet. Brünnich 1772
Ostracoda
  -
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
Bivalvia
  -
"Pelecypoda indet." = Bivalvia
"Pelecypoda indet." = Bivalvia Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
Scaphopoda
  -
Scaphopoda indet. Bronn 1862 tusk shell
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina cf. angeloides Van Beneden 1873 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias cf. vulpinus Bonnaterre 1788 thresher shark
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758 skate
Raja mccollumi n. sp. Cicimurri and Knight 2009 skate
 Rajiformes - Rhynchobatidae
Rhynchobatus pristinus Probst 1877 wedgefish
 Myliobatiformes - Mobulidae
Mobula cf. loupianensis, "Paramobula fragilis" = Manta fragilis
Mobula cf. loupianensis Cappetta 1970 devil ray
"Paramobula fragilis" = Manta fragilis Cappetta 1970 manta
 Myliobatiformes - Gymnuridae
Gymnura sp. Van Hasselt 1823 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatidae indet. Jordan 1888 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis rugosa Probst 1877 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis cavernosa Probst 1877 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera cf. studeri Agassiz 1843 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Plinthicus stenodon Cope 1869 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
"? Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus
"? Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus Leriche 1908 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Carcharocles sp. Jordan 1923 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Carcharias cuspidatus" = Lamna cuspidata
"Carcharias cuspidatus" = Lamna cuspidata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Physogaleus sp. Cappetta 1980 requiem shark
"Physogaleus aduncus" = Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Carcharhinus gibbesi Woodward 1889 requiem shark
Rhizoprionodon sp. Whitley 1929 sharpnose shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna zygaena Linnaeus 1758 hammerhead shark
Sphyrna cf. media Springer 1940 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Scyliorhinidae
Bythaelurus sp. Compagno 1988 cat shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Galeorhinus sp. de Blainville and Prévost 1816 school shark
 Orectolobiformes - Rhincodontidae
Rhincodon cf. typus Smith 1828 whale shark
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Nebrius cf. serra Leidy 1877 nurse shark
Actinopteri
 Albuliformes - Albulidae
Albulidae indet. Bleeker 1859 bonefish
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Scombridae indet. Rafinesque 1815
 Scombriformes - Trichiuridae
 Perciformes - Palaeorhynchidae
Aglyptorhynchus sp. Casier 1966 perch-like fish
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Sparidae indet. Cuvier 1817
 Labriformes - Labridae
Labridae indet. Cuvier 1816
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
? Lepisosteidae indet. Cuvier 1825 gar
Reptilia
 Crocodylia -
"Gavialosuchus carolinensis" = Thecachampsa carolinensis
"Gavialosuchus carolinensis" = Thecachampsa carolinensis Erickson and Sawyer 1996 crocodilian
Private collection of L. Eberle (partial skeleton)
Mammalia
 Cetacea - Squalodontidae
Squalodon sp. Grateloup 1840 toothed whale
"protocetid cetacean (BCGM 9198), Squalodon"
Echinoidea
 Cidaroidea -
Cidaroidea indet. Claus 1880 sea urchin
Anthozoa
 Zoantharia -
Scleractinia indet. Bourne 1900 stony coral