Helmstedt (Eocene of Germany)

Where: Germany (52.2° N, 11.0° E: paleocoordinates 51.0° N, 6.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Gehlberg Formation, Priabonian (38.0 - 33.9 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marine; glauconitic sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: K. Rothausen. 1986. Marine Tetrapoden im tertären Nordsee-Becken. Beitrage zur regionalen Geologe der Erde 18:510-557 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 46086: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 03.01.2005, edited by Terri Cleary

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 ark
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Pectunculus sp." = Glycymeris3
"Pectunculus sp." = Glycymeris3 Da Costa 1778 clam
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena sp.3 Spengler 1783 clam
Gastropoda
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
"Fusus sp." = Rostellaria (Fusus)3
"Fusus sp." = Rostellaria (Fusus)3 Bruguière 1789 true conch
Chondrichthyes
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Rajidae indet.1 Blainville 1816 skate
scales
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Myliobatis dixoni3 Agassiz 1843 eagle ray
[entered as Myliobates dixoni]
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Lamna cuspidata3 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Mitsukurinidae
"Lamna elegans" = Odontaspis macrota3
"Lamna elegans" = Odontaspis macrota3 Agassiz 1843 goblin shark
Reptilia
 Testudines - Cheloniidae
Chelyopsis raabei n. sp.2 Karl and Schleich 1994 sea turtle
lower jaw
Mammalia
 Cetacea -
Pachycetus robustus n. gen. n. sp.3, Pachycetus humilis n. sp.3
Pachycetus robustus n. gen. n. sp.3 Van Beneden 1883 whale
Pachycetus humilis n. sp.3 Van Beneden 1883 whale