Camelot (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Giant Portland Cement Quarry, Pleistocene

Where: Dorchester County, South Carolina (33.2° N, 80.4° W: paleocoordinates 33.2° N, 80.2° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

• said to be Wisconsinan by Sanders, but "late Irvingtonian (ca. 400 ka)" by Kohn et al.

Environment/lithology: fluvial; gravel

• fissure fill based on Sanders (2002) but fluvial based on Kohn et al. (2002)
• "fluvial gravel deposits overlying Eocene limestone" (Kohn et al. 2005)

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collected by M. J. Kohn, V. McCollum

Collection methods: quarrying,

Primary reference: M. J. Kohn, M. P. McKay, and J. L. Knight. 2005. Dining in the Pleistocene -- who's on the menu?. Geology 33(8):649-652 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 79919: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 26.03.2008, edited by John Alroy, Jacqueline Benefield and Erin Velasquez

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• there is a small chance that Sanders' Canis dirus is from a different stratum than Kohn et al.'s Irvingtonian fauna, but both are from the Giant (Portland) Cement Quarry
unclassified
  -
Nuphar indet.2
freshwater aquatic plant
Myriophyllum indet.2
freshwater aquatic plant
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Hesperotestudo indet. Williams 1950 turtle
said to be new
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Sigmodon bakeri Martin 1974 cotton rat
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis
"Tapirus veroensis" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) veroensis Sellards 1918 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis armbrusteri Gidley 1913 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Smilodon fatalis Leidy 1868 saber-toothed cat
Miracinonyx inexpectatus Cope 1895 American cheetah
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx sp.3 Harlan 1825 edentate
Megalonyx jeffersonii Desmarest 1822 Jefferson's ground sloth
spelt "Megalonyx jeffersoni"
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Palaeolama mirifica Simpson 1929 stout-legged llama
spelt "Paleolama mirifica"
Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
 Didelphimorphia - Didelphidae
Didelphis virginiana1 Kerr 1792 Virginia opossum
Chlorophyceae
  -
Pediastrum indet.2 Meyen 1829
freshwater aquatic plant
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Pinaceae
Pinus indet.2 Linnaeus 1753 pine
microspore
 Pinales - Taxodiaceae
Taxodium indet.2 Richard 1810
plant debris
Sphagnaceae
  - Sphagnaceae
Sphagnum indet.2 Linnaeus
plant debris
Dicotyledonae
 Juglandales - Hamamelidae
Carya indet.2 Nuttall 1818 hickory
microspore
Magnoliopsida
 Saxifragales - Hamamelidaceae
Liquidambar indet.2 Linnaeus 1753 sweetgum
microspore
 Fagales - Betulaceae
Corylus indet.2 Linnaeus birch
microspore
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus indet.2 Linnaeus 1753
microspore