Gebel Zelten site 6412 (Miocene of Libya)

Also known as Jebel Zelten Wádí Shatírát

Where: Libya (28.0° N, 20.5° E: paleocoordinates 27.0° N, 19.2° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Maradah Formation, Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

• corresponds to the site of Wádí Shatírát of Wessels et al. 2003; stratigraphically higher than area 6409 of Savage and Hamilton 1973; lower part of Middle Miocene per Wessels et al. 2003

Environment/lithology: marine; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. J. G. Savage. 1973. Megistotherium, gigantic hyaenodont from Miocene of Gebel Zelten, Libya. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 22(7):485-511 [J. Alroy/J. Wertheim/J. Wertheim]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 13065: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 18.01.2002, edited by Jill Wertheim, Patricia Holroyd, Philip Mannion and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Carettochelyidae
Allaeochelys libyca n. sp.6 Havlik et al. 2014 turtle
Aves
 Aepyornithiformes - Aepyornithidae
Aepyornithidae indet.2 Bonaparte 1853 elephant bird
Reptilia
 Pseudosuchia - Gavialidae
Gavialidae indet.1 Adams 1854 archosaur
Based on Ginsburg & Buffetaut 1978
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylidae "indet. 1"1 Cuvier 1807 crocodile
BRSUG 27360: partial skull table accompanied by fragmentary occipital and quadrate regions and braincase; MNHN.LBE.311: complete skull table accompanied by almost complete occipital region and braincase and fragmentary right quadrate region
Crocodylidae "indet. 2"1 Cuvier 1807 crocodile
MNHN.LBE.306: almost complete skull table (lacking part of the right postorbital and squamosal) accompanied by the right quadrate region and a fragmentary occipital region lacking the basioccipital; MNHN.LBE.307: anterior part of right dentary; MNHN.LBE.308: posterior part of a right lower jaw. All these specimens were found in association, possibly coming from a single individual
Euthecodon arambourgi n. gen. n. sp.5 Ginsburg and Buffetaut 1978 crocodile
MNHN ZEL 001 - type (skull)
cf. Rimasuchus lloydi3 Fourtau 1918 crocodile
Based on Tchernov 1976, 1986
 Crocodylia -
Tomistoma dowsoni1, "Tomistoma lusitanica" = Thecachampsa antiquus1
Tomistoma dowsoni1 Fourtau 1918 false gharial
Based on Savage & Hamilton 1973, and Tchernov 1986
"Tomistoma lusitanica" = Thecachampsa antiquus1 Leidy 1852 crocodilian
MNHN.LBE.300: anterior portion of snout; MNHN.LBE.301: posterior portion of snout; MNHN.LBE.302: fragment of anterior part of snout
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
Rytiodus sp.4 Lartet 1866 dugong
n. sp. = Rytiodus zeltenensis of Heal (1973)
Metaxytherium sp.7 de Christol 1840 dugong
possibly M.. krahuletzi
 Rodentia - Muridae
Potwarmus sp.8 Lindsey 1988 mouse
 Rodentia - Ctenodactylidae
Sayimys sp. n. sp.8
Sayimys sp. n. sp.8 Wood 1937 gundi
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyonidae indet.2 Haeckel 1886 bear-dog
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammutidae indet.2 Hay 1922 mastodon
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet.2 Gray 1821 pig
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Brachyodus sp.2, "Hyoboops africanus" = Sivameryx2
Brachyodus sp.2 Deperet 1895 anthracothere
"Hyoboops africanus" = Sivameryx2 anthracothere
 Ungulata - Climacoceratidae
Climacoceratidae indet.2 Hamilton 1978 even-toed ungulate
"vellericorne"
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Sivatheriinae indet.2 Zittel 1893 giraffe
 Hyaenodonta - Hyainailouridae
Megistotherium osteothlastes n. gen. n. sp. Savage 1973 eutherian