Melvin, southeast of (Eocene of the United States)

Also known as Old Cocoa Post Office

Where: Choctaw County, Alabama (31.9° N, 88.5° W: paleocoordinates 32.4° N, 80.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Pachuta Member (Yazoo Formation), Priabonian (38.0 - 33.9 Ma)

• Listed in Kellogg as Jackson formation. Later, the Jackson was elevatated to group status. Identification of Pachuta member as the whale-bearing stratum based on other publications and personal observation (M. D. Uhen).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; poorly lithified mixed carbonate-siliciclastic sediments

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Reposited in the USNM

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (float), surface (in situ)

Primary reference: F. A. Lucas. 1900. The pelvic girdle of Zeuglodon, Basilosaurus cetoides (Owen), with notes on onther portions of the skeleton. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 23(1211):327-331 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 28983: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 09.03.2003, edited by Jason Head, Marko Manojlovic and Terri Cleary

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Cancellothyrididae
Chondrichthyes
 Odontaspidida - Isuridae
Oxyrhina praecursor9 Leriche 1942 mackerel shark
var. americana
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharodon angustidens" = Otodus (Carcharocles) angustidens9
"Carcharodon angustidens" = Otodus (Carcharocles) angustidens9 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo alabamensis n. sp.6 Leriche 1942 tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna gilmorei n. sp.6 Leriche 1942 hammerhead shark
Actinopteri
 Acipenseriformes -
Cylindracanthus rectus9 Agassiz 1843
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Hadrianus schucherti n. sp." = Cymatholcus schucherti4
"Hadrianus schucherti n. sp." = Cymatholcus schucherti4 Hay 1899 turtle
 Squamata - Palaeophiidae
Pterosphenus schucherti n. gen. n. sp.7
Pterosphenus schucherti n. gen. n. sp.7 Lucas 1898 snake
USNM 4047 (holotype), about 40 vertebrae
Mammalia
 Cetacea - Basilosauridae
Zygorhiza kochii5, Zygorhiza kochii5, "Alabamornis gigantea n. gen. n. sp." = Basilosaurus cetoides1, Cynthiacetus maxwelli8
Zygorhiza kochii5 Carus 1847 whale
Zygorhiza kochii5 Carus 1847 whale
"Alabamornis gigantea n. gen. n. sp." = Basilosaurus cetoides1 Owen 1839 whale
Cynthiacetus maxwelli8 Uhen 2005 whale
Echinoidea
 Spatangoida - Schizasteridae
"Schizaster armiger n. sp." = Paraster armiger2
"Schizaster armiger n. sp." = Paraster armiger2 Clark and Twitchell 1915 heart urchin