Felixstow (Pleistocene of the United Kingdom)

Also known as Felixstowe

Where: England, United Kingdom (52.0° N, 1.4° E: paleocoordinates 52.0° N, 1.1° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Red Crag Formation, Gelasian (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• Ludhamian & Pre-Lundhamian

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: foreshore; lithology not reported

• nearshore, intertidal sandflats, temperate

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ),

Primary reference: R. Lydekker. 1887. The Cetacea of the Suffolk Crag. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 43:7-18 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 48093: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 13.03.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sp.8, "Rhinoceros schleiermacheri" = Dihoplus schleiermacheri8
Rhinoceros sp.8 Linnaeus 1758 one-horned rhinoceros
"Rhinoceros schleiermacheri" = Dihoplus schleiermacheri8 Kaup 1834 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus priscus8 Kaup 1833 tapir
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp.8 Linnaeus 1758 bear
 Carnivora - Ailuridae
"Ailurus anglicus" = Parailurus anglicus5
"Ailurus anglicus" = Parailurus anglicus5 Dawkins 1888 red panda
 Carnivora - Odobenidae
"Trichecodon huxleyi n. gen. n. sp." = Ontocetus emmonsi2
"Trichecodon huxleyi n. gen. n. sp." = Ontocetus emmonsi2 Leidy 1859 walrus
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Phoca indet.8 Linnaeus 1758 seal
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp.8 Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp.8 Linnaeus 1758 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Viverridae indet.8 Gray 1821 civet
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp.2 Brisson 1762 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Mastodon angustidens" = Tetrabelodon angustidens8
"Mastodon angustidens" = Tetrabelodon angustidens8 Cuvier 1806 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas meridionalis" = Mammuthus meridionalis4
"Elephas meridionalis" = Mammuthus meridionalis4 Nesti 1825 mammoth
 Ungulata - Suidae
"Sus antiquus" = Hippopotamodon antiquus8
"Sus antiquus" = Hippopotamodon antiquus8 Kaup 1833 pig
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervidae indet.8 Gray 1821 deer
Cervus dicranocerus8 Kaup 1839 deer
"Megaceros sp." = Megaloceros8 Brookes 1828 Irish elk
 Cetacea -
"Megaptera ? similis" = Burtinopsis similis, "Megaptera minuta" = Burtinopsis minutus
"Megaptera ? similis" = Burtinopsis similis Van Beneden 1872 whale
"Megaptera minuta" = Burtinopsis minutus Van Beneden 1880 whale
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaena emarginata7 Owen 1843 rorqual
Balaena affinis n. sp.7 Owen 1843 rorqual
Balaenoptera borealina Van Beneden 1880 rorqual
Balaenoptera garopii Van Beneden 1859 rorqual
[entered as Balaenoptera garopi]
Balaena definata7 Owen 1843 rorqual
"Cetotherium brialmonti" = Plesiocetus brialmontii Van Beneden 1880 rorqual
"Cetotherium dubium" = Plesiocetus dubius Van Beneden 1872 rorqual
Balaena gibbosa n. sp.7 Owen 1843 rorqual
Megaptera affinis7 Van Beneden 1880 rorqual
 Cetacea - Balaenidae
"Balaena balaenopsis" = Balaenula balaenopsis, "Balaena insignis" = Balaenotus insignis, "Balaena primigenia" = Balaena primigenius
"Balaena balaenopsis" = Balaenula balaenopsis Van Beneden 1872 right whale
"Balaena insignis" = Balaenotus insignis Van Beneden 1872 right whale
"Balaena primigenia" = Balaena primigenius Van Beneden 1872 right whale
 Cetacea - Cetotheriidae
"Cetotherium brevifrons" = Heterocetus brevifrons Van Beneden 1872 whale
Herpetocetus scaldiensis Van Beneden 1872 whale
 Cetacea - Physeteridae
Balaenodon physaloides n. gen. n. sp. Owen 1846 sperm whale
Physeter sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 sperm whale
 Cetacea -
Hoplocetus crassidens, Hoplocetus ? curvidens, Hoplocetus borgerhoutensis, "Homocetus villersi" = Scaldicetus caretti, "Eucetus amblyodon" = Scaldicetus caretti, "Physodon ? fusiformis" = Scaldicetus caretti, "Physodon grandis" = Scaldicetus grandis
Hoplocetus crassidens Gervais 1852 toothed whale
Hoplocetus ? curvidens Gervais 1852 toothed whale
Hoplocetus borgerhoutensis Du Bus 1872 toothed whale
[entered as Hoplocetus borgehoutensis]
"Homocetus villersi" = Scaldicetus caretti Du Bus 1867 toothed whale
"Eucetus amblyodon" = Scaldicetus caretti Du Bus 1867 toothed whale
"Physodon ? fusiformis" = Scaldicetus caretti Du Bus 1867 toothed whale
"Physodon grandis" = Scaldicetus grandis Du Bus 1872 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
"Lagenorhynchus acutus" = Leucopleurus acutus10, "Orca citoniensis" = Orcinus citoniensis, "Globicephalus uncidens" = Globicephala uncidens
"Lagenorhynchus acutus" = Leucopleurus acutus10 Gray 1828 dolphin
"Orca citoniensis" = Orcinus citoniensis Capellini 1883 killer whale
"Globicephalus uncidens" = Globicephala uncidens Lankester 1864 pilot whale
 Cetacea - Monodontidae
Monodon monoceros6 Linnaeus 1758 narhwal
 Cetacea - Ziphiidae
"Choneziphius planirostris" = Choneziphius planirostris, "Choneziphius planus" = Choneziphius planirostris, "Choneziphius packardi n. sp." = Choneziphius planirostris3, Ziphius compressus n. sp.9, Ziphius tenuirostris n. sp.9, "Mesoplodon floweri n. sp." = Mesoplodon layardii, "Mesoplodon longirostris" = Mesoplodon longirostris, "Mesoplodon angustus" = Mesoplodon longirostris, "Mesoplodon angulatus" = Mesoplodon longirostris, Ziphius gibbus n. sp.9, "Ziphius medilineatus n. sp." = Mesoplodon medilineatus9, Hyperoodon sp., "Mesoplodon compressus" = Belemnoziphius compressus
"Choneziphius planirostris" = Choneziphius planirostris Cuvier 1824 beaked whale
"Choneziphius planus" = Choneziphius planirostris Cuvier 1824 beaked whale
"Choneziphius packardi n. sp." = Choneziphius planirostris3 Cuvier 1824 beaked whale
Ziphius compressus n. sp.9 Owen 1870 beaked whale
Ziphius tenuirostris n. sp.9 Owen 1870 beaked whale
"Mesoplodon floweri n. sp." = Mesoplodon layardii Gray 1865 strap-toothed whale
"Mesoplodon longirostris" = Mesoplodon longirostris Cuvier 1824 beaked whale
"Mesoplodon angustus" = Mesoplodon longirostris Cuvier 1824 beaked whale
"Mesoplodon angulatus" = Mesoplodon longirostris Cuvier 1824 beaked whale
Ziphius gibbus n. sp.9 Owen 1870 beaked whale
"Ziphius medilineatus n. sp." = Mesoplodon medilineatus9 Owen 1870 beaked whale
Hyperoodon sp. Lacépède 1804 beaked whale
"Mesoplodon compressus" = Belemnoziphius compressus Huxley 1864 beaked whale
Marrellomorpha
 Marrellida -
Cetotherium ? hupschii Legg 2016
[entered as Cetotherium hupschi]