Burches Ferry (upper) (Cretaceous of the United States)

Also known as site 8

Where: Florence County, South Carolina (34.1° N, 79.5° W: paleocoordinates 34.7° N, 51.4° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Donoho Creek Formation (Black Creek Group), Late/Upper Campanian (83.5 - 70.6 Ma)

• within calcareous nannofossil zone CC 22c; bed shows a color change from top to bottom but is interpreted as a single lithological unit

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; fine-grained, micaceous, gray, red sandstone

• "massive, highly fossiliferous, clay-rich, micaceous, predominately fine-grained sand...there are also occasional larger (more than 5 mm in greatest dimension) quartz and phosphatic clasts."

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by D. Cicimurri, C. Bentley, M. Bruggeman, B. England, L. Hudson in 1978, 1998–1999, 2002, 2005

Collection methods: bulk, surface (float), sieve,

Primary reference: D. J. Cicimurri. 2007. A late Campanian (Cretaceous) selachian assemblage from a classic locality in Florence County, South Carolina. Southeastern Geology 45(2):59-72 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 79363: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 04.03.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Albula sp." = Polinices
"Albula sp." = Polinices Monfort 1810 moon snail
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina hassei Leriche 1929 angel shark
 Hybodontiformes - Hybodontidae
Hybodus sp. Agassiz 1837 elasmobranch
 Hybodontiformes - Lonchidiidae
Lonchidion babulskii Cappetta and Case 1975 elasmobranch
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos casieri Herman 1975 guitarfish
 Sclerorhynchiformes - Sclerorhynchidae
Borodinopristis schwimmeri Case 1987 elasmobranch
Ischyrhiza mira Leidy 1856 elasmobranch
Ischyrhiza avonicola Estes 1964 elasmobranch
 Sclerorhynchiformes - Ptychotrygonidae
Ptychotrygon vermiculata Cappetta 1975 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
"Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi" = Hypolophus mcnultyi
"Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi" = Hypolophus mcnultyi Thurmond 1971 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis Romer 1942 eagle ray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhombodontidae
"Rhombodus levis" = Rhombodus laevis
"Rhombodus levis" = Rhombodus laevis Cappetta and Case 1975 stingray
 Lamniformes - Anacoracidae
Squalicorax kaupi Agassiz 1843 crow shark
Squalicorax pristodontus Agassiz 1843 crow shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
 Lamniformes - Archaeolamnidae
Archaeolamna kopingensis Davis 1890 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Cretoxyrhinidae
Cretodus borodini Cappetta and Case 1975 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
 Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
 Orectolobiformes -
Pararhincodon sp. Herman 1975 carpet shark
 Orectolobiformes - Hemiscylliidae
Chiloscyllium sp. Müller and Henle 1837 carpet shark
 Elopiformes - Phyllodontidae
Paralbula casei Estes 1969
 Salmoniformes - Enchodontidae
 Ichthyodectiformes - Saurodontidae
 Ichthyodectiformes - Ichthyodectidae
 Crossognathiformes - Pachyrhizodontidae
cf. Pachyrhizodus sp. Agassiz 1850
 Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteidae indet. Cuvier 1825 gar
 Testudines -
Chelonioidea indet. Baur 1893 sea turtle
 Testudines - Dermochelyoidae
Corsochelys bentleyi n. sp. Schwimmer et al. 2015 sea turtle
SCSM 2005.25.3
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet. Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Adocidae
"Adocus cf. punctatus" = Adocus beatus
"Adocus cf. punctatus" = Adocus beatus Leidy 1865 turtle
SCSM 2005.25.1, 25.12, 25.21
 Testudines -
Toxochelys sp. Cope 1873 turtle
ChM PV7221, L peripheral 10
 Avetheropoda - Dromaeosauridae
Saurornitholestes langstoni Sues 1978 coelurosaur
SCSM 99.55.1, pedal ungula
 Avetheropoda -
Appalachiosaurus montgomeriensis Carr et al. 2005 coelurosaur
SCSM 98.64.2, tooth
 Neornithischia - Hadrosauridae
Hadrosauridae indet. Cope 1869 hadrosaurid
 Loricata -
Eusuchia indet. crocodilian
ChM PV7559, proximal femur
 Crocodylia -
Crocodylia indet. Owen 1842 crocodilian
Borealosuchus sp. Brochu 1997 crocodilian
SCSM 2005.25.7, 25.8, osteoderms
 Squamata - Mosasauridae
Mosasauridae indet. Gervais 1852 mosasaur
ChM PV6780, tooth
Tylosaurus sp. Marsh 1872 mosasaur
SCSM 2005.25.18, 78.16.6; ChM PV6779
 Sauropterygia -
Plesiosauria indet. de Blainville 1835 plesiosaur
SCSM 2005.25.4, vertebral centrum
  - Trigonodontidae
"Stephanodus" sp. Zittel 1883