La Cabana/El Toral sand quarries (Cretaceous to of Spain)

Where: Asturias, Spain (43.3° N, 5.8° W: paleocoordinates 32.0° N, 1.9° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: La Cabana Formation, Middle Cenomanian to Middle Cenomanian (99.6 - 93.5 Ma)

• "the La Cabana Formation includes various lithological units belonging to two depositional sequences....The base of the formation consists of a 70-110 cm thick orange limestone bed that overlies the tidal estuarine sand of the middle Cenomanian Latores Formation. The internal structure of this bed is a massive, porous basal limestone grading upward into a finely laminated, indurated limestone" "A 7-35 cm thick transgressive lag overlies this erosion surface. It is made of bioclastic sandy silt which includes some slabs...of caliche clasts with root traces"

Environment/lithology: lagoonal; massive limestone and silty, sandy limestone

• "deposited in a marine coastal lagoon with tidally influenced channels. The base of the bed (and of the formation) represents a marine flooding surface which may be correlative with the maximum flooding surface of a sequence initiated in the Latores Formation."
• "orange limestone....this bed is a massive, porous basal limestone grading upward into a finely laminated, indurated limestone....[and] bioclastic sandy silt"

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, surface (float),

• Unidad de Paleontologia of the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (will be stored in Faculdad de Geologia of the Universidad de Oviedo)

Primary reference: R. Vullo, E. Bernardez, and A. D. Buscalioni. 2009. Vertebrates from the middle?-late Cenomanian La Cabana Formation (Asturias, northern Spain): Palaeoenvironmental and palaeobiogeographic implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 276:120-129 [M. Carrano/M. Oreska]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 98396: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Oreska on 05.10.2010, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rajiformes -
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhombopterygia indet. Capetta 1980 guitarfish
 Sclerorhynchiformes - Ptychotrygonidae
"Ptychotrygonoides indet." = Ptychotrygon
"Ptychotrygonoides indet." = Ptychotrygon Jaekel 1894 elasmobranch
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
"Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi" = Hypolophus mcnultyi
"Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi" = Hypolophus mcnultyi Thurmond 1971 whiptail stingray
 Galeomorphi -
Lamniformes indet. Berg 1958 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Anacoracidae
Squalicorax sp. Whitley 1939 crow shark
 Lamniformes -
Paranomotodon sp. Herman 1975 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Mitsukurinidae
 Lamniformes - Archaeolamnidae
Archaeolamna sp. Siverson 1992 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Eoptolamnidae
Protolamna sp. Cappetta 1980 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Cretoxyrhinidae
Cretolamna appendiculata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Cantioscyllium sp. Woodward 1889 nurse shark
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhinchidae
Edaphodon sp. Buckland 1838 plownose chimaera
 Acipenseriformes -
 Elopiformes - Phyllodontidae
 Albuliformes - Albulidae
cf. Coriops sp. Estes 1969 bonefish
 Salmoniformes - Enchodontidae
Enchodus spp. Agassiz 1843
 Ichthyodectiformes - Ichthyodectidae
 Pachycormiformes - Pachycormidae
Protosphyraena sp. Leidy 1857
 Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae
Athrodon sp. Sauvage 1880
Coelodus sp. Haeckel
 Amiiformes - Caturidae
Caturidae indet. Owen 1860 bowfin
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amiidae indet. Huxley 1861 bowfin
 Halecomorphi -
Ionoscopiformes indet. Grande and Bemis 1998
 Dipnoi - Ceratodontidae
 Testudines -
"Chelonii indet." = Testudines
"Chelonii indet." = Testudines Batsch 1788 turtle
 Saurischia -
Lithostrotia indet. Upchurch et al. 2004 sauropod
 Pterosauria - Ornithocheiridae
 Crocodylia -
Alligatoroidea indet. Gray 1844 crocodilian
 Squamata - Aigialosauridae
Carentonosaurus sp. Rage and Néraudeau 2004 squamates
Carentonosaurus mineaui Rage and Néraudeau 2004 squamates
 Squamata - Dolichosauridae
Simoliophis sp. Sauvage 1880 squamates
 Sauropterygia - Elasmosauridae
Elasmosauridae indet. Cope 1869 elasmosaur