Kirkwood Cliffs, Sundays River (Cretaceous to of South Africa)

Also known as Site 6, Strathsomers Estate, Kirkwood Bridge

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (33.4° S, 25.5° E: paleocoordinates 44.7° S, 11.7° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Kirkwood Formation (Uitenhage Group), Berriasian to Berriasian (145.0 - 132.9 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; medium-grained, yellow sandstone and lenticular, conglomeratic sandstone

• "from a conglomeratic lens at the base of a thick, yellow, medium-grained sandstone found along the bottom of the cliffs"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by E. K. Macintosh; Rich et al.; Forster, De Klerk, & Ross in pre-1976, 1978, 1995

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ), mechanical,

Primary reference: I. R. McLachlan and I. K. McMillan. 1976. Review and stratigraphic significance of southern Cape Mesozoic palaeontology. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 79(2):197-212 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 88876: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 23.04.2009, edited by Roger Benson and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Teleostei -
Teleostei indet.3
SAM K5228
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteidae indet.3 Cuvier 1825 gar
SAM K6135, K6139
 Testudines -
Testudines indet.3 Batsch 1788 turtle
SAM K5240, 5241, 5261
 Saurischia -
Sauropoda indet.3 sauropod
femur in Port Elizabeth Museum
Macronaria indet.2 Sereno 1997 sauropod
SAM K5231
Titanosauriformes indet.2 Salgado et al. 1997 sauropod
SAM K6141
Titanosauriformes indet.2 Salgado et al. 1997 sauropod
SAM K6137
 Theropoda -
Theropoda indet.3 theropod
SAM K5243, K6140
 Avetheropoda -
Allosauroidea indet.1 Currie and Zhao 1994 allosauroid
AM 6041
 Ornithischia -
? Ornithischia indet.3 ornithischian
SAM K5250
 Loricata -
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia3
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia3 Owen 1842 crocodilian
SAM K5244, K5252, K5255a, K5232, K5242, K5244
 Squamata -
Squamata indet.4 Oppel 1811 squamates
AM 6001, braincase
 Rhynchocephalia -
Sphenodontia indet.4 rhynchocephalian
AM 6002 (right palatine), 6003, 6023, 6024 (dentaries)
 Rhynchocephalia - Sphenodontidae
? Sphenodontidae indet.3 Cope 1869 rhynchocephalian
SAM K5233