Coffee Sand (Cretaceous of the United States)

Where: Lee County, Mississippi (34.4° N, 88.6° W: paleocoordinates 37.3° N, 60.1° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Globotruncana ventricosa foram zone, Tupelo Tongue Member (Coffee Sand Formation), Middle Campanian (83.5 - 70.6 Ma)

• Tupelo Tongue of the Coffee Sand is Globotruncana ventricosa zone according to Mancini et al. (1996). Chapelville section.

Environment/lithology: marine; shale

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: D. T. Dockery, III and S. P. Jennings. 1988. Stratigraphy of the Tupelo Tongue of the Coffee Sand (upper Campanian), northern Lee County, Mississippi. Mississippi Geology 9(1):1-7 [M. Patzkowsky/K. Layou]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 3867: authorized by Mark Patzkowsky, entered by Karen Layou on 11.08.1999, edited by Wolfgang Glaeser

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Arcida - Cucullaeidae
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Cyprimeria alta venus clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Pachycardium stantoni" = Protocardia (Pachycardium)
"Pachycardium stantoni" = Protocardia (Pachycardium) cockle
 Ammonitida - Placenticeratidae
Placenticeras sp. Meek 1876 ammonite
originally entered as "Placenteras sp."
 Sclerorhynchiformes - Sclerorhynchidae
Sclerorhynchus sp. Woodward 1889 elasmobranch
Ischyrhiza mira Leidy 1856 elasmobranch
 Sclerorhynchiformes - Ptychotrygonidae
Ptychotrygon vermiculata Cappetta 1975 elasmobranch
 Lamniformes - Anacoracidae
Pseudocorax granti mackerel shark
Squalicorax kaupi Agassiz 1843 crow shark
 Lamniformes - Mitsukurinidae
Scapanorhynchus texanus Roemer 1852 goblin shark
 Lamniformes - Cretoxyrhinidae
Cretolamna appendiculata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
? Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Ginglymostoma globidens Cappetta and Case 1975 nurse shark
 Orectolobiformes - Hemiscylliidae
Hemiscyllium sp. Smith 1837 carpet shark