Cuenca del Tirburon (Pliocene of Chile)

Where: Chile (23.4° S, 70.5° W: paleocoordinates 23.5° S, 69.8° W)

• coordinate stated in text

When: upper Member (Caleta Herradura de Mejillones Formation), Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• upper beds

Environment/lithology: offshore; carbonate

• oceanic and neritic, sporadic upwelling, occurred during major transgressive event
• marine shell bed

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: S. D. Emslie and C. G. Correa. 2003. A new species of penguin (Spheniscidae: Spheniscus) and other birds from the late Pliocene of Chile. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 116(2):308-316 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 100174: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 01.12.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris sp. Da Costa 1778 clam
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Perna sp. Retzius 1788 mussel
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Herminespina mirabilis Möricke 1896 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Thaisidae
Chorus sp. Gray 1847 snail
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Trochita sp. Schumacher 1817 slipper shell
Chondrichthyes indet. Huxley 1880 cartilaginous fish
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatidae indet. Bonaparte 1838 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Carcharodon carcharias Linnaeus 1758 great white shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Milvago sp. Spix 1824 caracara
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Spheniscus chilensis n. sp. Emslie and Correa 2003 penguin
 Suliformes - Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax sp. Brisson 1760 cormorant
 Carnivora - Otariidae
Otariidae indet. eared seal
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenopteridae indet. Gray 1864 rorqual
small baleen whale
 Cetacea -
Odontoceti indet. Flower 1867 toothed whale
two species of dolphin