Villa Ballester (Pliocene of Argentina)

Where: Buenos Aires, Argentina (34.5° S, 58.6° W: paleocoordinates 34.6° S, 57.7° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marine; sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: C. Rusconi. 1934. Tercera noticia sobre los vertebrados fosiles de las Arenas Puelchenses de Villa Ballester. Anales de la Socieded Cientifica Argentina 117:19-37 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 53926: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 17.09.2005, edited by Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Carditida - Carditidae
? Venericardia sp. Lamarck 1801 clam
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
"? Psammobia sp." = Gari (Psammobia)
"? Psammobia sp." = Gari (Psammobia) clam
Chondrichthyes
 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Oxyrhina hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis
"Oxyrhina hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Odontaspis cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata
"Odontaspis cuspidata" = Lamna cuspidata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis abbatei sand tiger shark
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Chinchillidae
"Lagostomopsis sp." = Lagostomus (Lagostomopsis)
"Lagostomopsis sp." = Lagostomus (Lagostomopsis) Kraglievich 1926 viscacha
 Rodentia - Dinomyidae
? Eumegamys sp. Kraglievich 1926 caviomorph
 Rodentia - Caviidae
? Cardiomys sp., Hydrochoeropsis fontanai, "Xenohydrochoerus ballesterensis n. gen. n. sp." = Hydrochoerus ballesterensis
? Cardiomys sp. Ameghino 1885 caviomorph
"Xenohydrochoerus ballesterensis n. gen. n. sp." = Hydrochoerus ballesterensis Rusconi 1954 capybara
 Rodentia - Echimyidae
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus (Tapiralum) greslebini n. sp. Rusconi 1934 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Onohippidion saldiasi" = Hippidion, "Onohippidion sp." = Hippidion
"Onohippidion saldiasi" = Hippidion horse
new subspecies puelchensis
"Onohippidion sp." = Hippidion Owen 1869 horse
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
? Scelidodon sp. Ameghino 1881 edentate
 Xenarthra - Panochthidae
Panochthus sp. Burmeister 1866 edentate
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
Glyptodon sp. Owen 1839 glyptodon
 Ungulata - Macraucheniidae
? Macrauchenia sp. Owen 1838 eutherian
 Ungulata - Mesorhinidae
? Oxyodontherium sp. Ameghino 1883 eutherian
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Antifer crassus n. sp. Rusconi 1934 deer
Magnoliopsida
 Fabales - Fabaceae
 Sapindales - Anacardiaceae
Schinopsis lorentzii Engler 1881 cashew
Schinopsis ? lorentzii Engler 1881 cashew
 Sapindales - Meliaceae
Prosopis
  - Mimosaceae