Ksar Krerachfa (Cretaceous of Tunisia)

Where: Medinine, Tunisia (33.2° N, 10.3° E: paleocoordinates 17.6° N, 12.2° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Continental Intercalaire Formation, Early/Lower Cretaceous (145.0 - 100.5 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; sandy, calcareous conglomerate

• "Above them is a conglomerate of varying thickness from 10 and 30 cm, which is the real treasure layer. However, the lower 2-4 cm contain fine to medium sand as main components. The conglomerate is highly strengthened, wherein the matrix is calcareous in part."

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ),

• Some coprolites as well.

Primary reference: T. Schlüter and W. Schwarzhans. 1978. Eine Bonebed-Lagerstätte aus dem Wealden Süd-Tunisiens (Umgebung Ksar Krerachfa) [A bonebed from the Wealden of southern Tunisia (near Ksar Krerachfa)]. Berliner Geowissenschaften Abhandlungen A 8:53-65 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 166013: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 02.02.2015

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Hybodontiformes - Hybodontidae
Hybodontidae indet. Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Selachii -
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis sp. Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes
"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes Huxley 1880 bony fish
 Lepisosteiformes -
"Lepidotus sp." = Lepidotes
"Lepidotus sp." = Lepidotes Agassiz 1843 gar
 Coelacanthiformes - Mawsoniidae
Mawsonia sp. Mawson and Woodward 1907 coelacanth
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768 reptile
teeth No. 14, 15
 Saurischia -
 Avetheropoda - Carcharodontosauridae
cf. Carcharodontosaurus sp. Stromer 1931 allosauroid
 Saurischia - Spinosauridae
Spinosaurus sp. Stromer 1915 tetanuran
 Loricata -
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia Owen 1842 crocodilian
 Loricata - Teleosauridae
cf. Steneosaurus sp. Saint-Hilaire 1825 marine crocodile
 Loricata -
cf. Machimosaurus sp. marine crocodile
 Ceratodontiformes - Neoceratodontidae
"Ceratodus africanus" = Neoceratodus africanus
"Ceratodus africanus" = Neoceratodus africanus Haug 1905 Queensland lungfish