Pedjikent (Miocene of Tajikistan)

Also known as Marmar

Where: Tajikistan (39.5° N, 67.6° E: paleocoordinates 39.8° N, 67.3° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Magian suite Formation, Turolian (8.7 - 5.3 Ma)

• In the Magian (= Tavildara and Karanak) suite (near the site of Magian = Sor). Late Turolian, (MN12), Upper Miocene. 11Ma (according to Forsten and Sharapov).

Environment/lithology: brown siltstone and conglomerate

• Probably of volcanic origin.
• 'The Magian suite comprises brown siltstones with interbedded conglomerates.' 'from the bottom up, layers of grey conglomerates, pale brown aleurites and thin layers of sands.' total thickness of approximately 50m.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: locality destroyed by blasting during canal building.

Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34393: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 29.08.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• The two different faunal lists conflict, as they were collected by separate groups, so both have been entered.

•50% of finds belong to rhinocerotids. Forsten and Sharapov also list Hipparion sp. and eggshells of a large bird ?Ostrich.

 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Sinotherium sp. Ringstrom 1924 rhinoceros
Chilotherium sp. Ringström 1924 rhinoceros
? Brachypotherium sp. Roger 1904 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Platybelodon sp. Borissiak 1928 gomphothere