Molayan (Miocene of Afghanistan)

Where: Afghanistan (34.3° N, 69.4° E: paleocoordinates 33.4° N, 70.2° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Khurdkabul Formation, Turolian (8.7 - 5.3 Ma)

• "Turolian"

Environment/lithology: fluvial; unlithified, sandy claystone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected in 1977, 1978; reposited in the MNHN

Primary reference: E. Heintz, M. Brunet, and B. Battail. 1981. A cercopithecid primate from the late miocene of Molayan, Afghanistan, with remarks on Mesopithecus. International Journal of Primatology 2(3):273-284 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 75492: authorized by Lars van den Hoek Ostende, entered by Lars van den Hoek Ostende on 14.10.2007, edited by John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Mesopithecus pentelicus Wagner 1839 monkey
 Rodentia - Muridae
Parapelomys sp.1 Jacobs 1978 mouse
Pseudomeriones latidens n. sp.1 Sen 2001 gerbil
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix arayanensis n. sp.1 Sen 2001 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
Ancylotherium sp. Gaudry 1863 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus sp. Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion molayanense n. sp.2 Zouhri 1992 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora -
Adcrocuta sp. Kretzoi 1938 carnivoran
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
Dinofelis sp. Zdansky 1924 cat
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Ictitherium (Palhyaena) sp. Wagner 1848 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotheriidae indet. Hay 1922 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium sp. Kaup 1825 deinothere
 Hyracoidea - Pliohyracidae
Pliohyrax sp. Osborn 1899 hyrax
 Ungulata - Suidae
Microstonyx sp. Pilgrim 1926 pig
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Palaeotragus sp. Gaudry 1861 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
"four forms"
Miotragocerus sp. Stromer 1928 antelope
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
see also Sen 2001