Moore Pit (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Wood Pit; Elam Pit; Milton Pit; Pemberton Hill

Where: Dallas County, Texas (32.7° N, 96.7° W: paleocoordinates 32.7° N, 96.7° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Shuler Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• from the "second alluvial terrace" in the "Lower Shuler"

•"in excess of 37,000 year in age" and "falls within an old valley fill believed to have formed between 50,000 and 25,000 B.P."; also called "early Rancholabrean" meaning "Illinoian to the beginning of the classic Wisconsin" but the latter is consider to start "by about 28,000 B.P."

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "channel"; unlithified gravel

• sand is "cross-bedded, and in some places fills of small feeder creeks that crossed the ancient floodplain are in evidence... most of the material" comes from "the larger of these"

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by B. H. Slaughter, B. R. Hoover, R. Pickerel, R. Ritchie, F. Schneider in 1962

Collection methods: salvage, quarrying,

• Southern Methodist University collection

Primary reference: B. H. Slaughter. 1966. The Moore Pit local fauna; Pleistocene of Texas. Journal of Paleontology 40(1):78-91 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 93103: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 04.01.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• originally described by Slaughter et al. (1962) with individual pits discussed separately
 Dicondylia -
Orthoptera indet. Olivier 1789 grasshopper
Hymenoptera indet. Linnaeus 1758 winged insect
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
Elateridae indet. Leach 1815 click beetle
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Chrysomelidae indet. Latreille 1802 leaf beetle
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Carabidae indet. Latreille 1802 ground beetle
 Diplopoda -
Diplopoda indet. Gervais 1844 millipede
 Cardiida - Sphaeriidae
Sphaerium striatinum fingernail clam
 Unionida - Unionidae
Quadrula speciosa freshwater mussel
 Cycloneritimorpha - Helicinidae
Helicina orbiculata snail
"H. orbiculata tropica"
  - Polygyridae
 Rissooidea - Amnicolidae
 Pulmonata - Ellobiidae
 Pulmonata - Succineidae
Succinea avara amber snail
 Pulmonata - Gastrocoptidae
 Pulmonata - Strobilopsidae
 Pulmonata - Pupillidae
 Pulmonata - Endodontidae
 Pulmonata - Zonitidae
Zonitoides arboreus true glass snail
Hawaiia minuscula true glass snail
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
 Basommatophora - Physidae
Physa gyrina pulmonate
 Basommatophora - Lymnaeidae
Lymnaea dalli pulmonate
Lymnaea caperata pulmonate
Lymnaea obrussa pulmonate
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
Aplodinotus grunniens Rafinesque 1819 freshwater drum
 Cypriniformes - Catostomidae
Ictiobus sp. Alvarado-Ortega et al. 2006 carp-like fish
 Siluriformes - Ictaluridae
Ictalurus punctatus Rafinesque 1818 catfish
 Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae
"Mesodon thyroidea" = Typodus
"Mesodon thyroidea" = Typodus
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteus sp. Agassiz 1843 gar
"long-nosed or short-nosed gar"
 Salientia -
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet. Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone cf. crassiscutata" = Hesperotestudo crassiscutata
"Geochelone cf. crassiscutata" = Hesperotestudo crassiscutata Leidy 1889 turtle
"Geochelone cf. crassiculata"
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Terrapene carolina Linnaeus 1758 common box turtle
Graptemys geographica Le Sueur 1817 common map turtle
 Strigiformes - Tytonidae
Tyto alba Scopoli 1769 barn owl
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus brachyrhynchos Brehm 1822 American crow
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Tympanuchus sp. Gloger 1841 pheasant
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Aquila chrysaetos Linnaeus 1758 golden eagle
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator mississippiensis Daudin 1801 American alligator
 Squamata - Colubridae
Coluber constrictor Linnaeus 1758 black racer
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord 1825 hispid cotton rat
Neotoma floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Microtus pinetorum Le Conte 1830 woodland vole
Peromyscus cf. leucopus Rafinesque 1818 white-footed mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin 1788 eastern gray squirrel
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys bursarius Shaw 1800 plains pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor canadensis Kuhl 1820 American beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus cf. floridanus Allen 1890 eastern cottontail
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scalopus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 eastern mole
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus copei" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) haysii Leidy 1860 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus midlandensis" = Equus (Hesperohippus) mexicanus, "Equus ? quinni" = Equus francisci, Equus conversidens, "Equus cf. lambei" = Equus alaskae
"Equus midlandensis" = Equus (Hesperohippus) mexicanus Hibbard 1955 horse
"Equus ? quinni" = Equus francisci Hay 1915 horse
Equus conversidens Owen 1869 horse
"Equus cf. lambei" = Equus alaskae Winans 1989 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Cryptotis parva Say 1823 North American least shrew
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus americanus Pallas 1780 black bear
Arctodus cf. simus Cope 1879 giant short-faced bear
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Mephitis mephitis Schreber 1776 striped skunk
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Mustela vison" = Neovison vison
"Mustela vison" = Neovison vison Schreber 1777 mink
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Vulpes fulva" = Vulpes vulpes, "Aenocyon cf. dirus" = Canis dirus, Canis latrans
"Vulpes fulva" = Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus 1758 red fox
"Aenocyon cf. dirus" = Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
"cf. C.l. harriscrooki"
 Carnivora - Felidae
Smilodon fatalis Leidy 1868 saber-toothed cat
Lynx rufus Schreber 1777 bobcat
"Felis cf. inexpectata" = Miracinonyx inexpectatus Cope 1895 American cheetah
 Cingulata - Dasypodidae
Dasypus bellus Simpson 1929 beautiful armadillo
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
"Megalonyx cf. brachycephalus" = Megalonyx jeffersonii
"Megalonyx cf. brachycephalus" = Megalonyx jeffersonii Desmarest 1822 Jefferson's ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Pampatheriidae
Holmesina septentrionalis Leidy 1889 edentate
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas columbi" = Mammuthus columbi
"Elephas columbi" = Mammuthus columbi Falconer 1857 Columbian mammoth
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
"Mammut americanus" = Mammut americanum
"Mammut americanus" = Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus compressus Leconte 1848 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
"Tanupolama mirifica" = Palaeolama mirifica, "Camelops huerfanensis" = Camelops hesternus
"Tanupolama mirifica" = Palaeolama mirifica Simpson 1929 stout-legged llama
"Camelops huerfanensis" = Camelops hesternus Leidy 1873 camel
"C. huerfanensis dallasi"
 Ungulata - Bovidae
"Bison cf. chaneyi" = Bison alaskensis
"Bison cf. chaneyi" = Bison alaskensis Rhoads 1897 bison
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
"O. virginianus aplodon"
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Tetrameryx shuleri, "Breameryx sp." = Capromeryx
Tetrameryx shuleri Lull 1921 pronghorn
"Breameryx sp." = Capromeryx Matthew 1902 pronghorn
 Didelphimorphia - Didelphidae
Didelphis marsupialis Linnaeus 1758 common opossum