Saltville (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Smyth County, Virginia (37.0° N, 81.8° W: paleocoordinates 37.0° N, 81.8° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - small; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: C. E. Ray, B. N. Cooper, and W. S. Benninghoff. 1967. Fossil mammals and pollen in a late Pleistocene deposit at Saltville, Virginia. Journal of Paleontology 41(3):608-622 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 103358: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 26.01.2011, edited by Margaret Shalap

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana pipiens3 Schreber 1782 Northern leopard frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo woodhousei3 Girard 1854 Woodhouse's toad
subspecies fowleri
 Caudata - Urodela
Notophthalmus cf. viridescens3 Rafinesque 1820 Eastern newt
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Chelydra serpentina3 Linnaeus 1758 Common snapping turtle
 Squamata - Colubridae
Storeria sp.3 Baird and Girard 1853 brown snake
Elaphe cf. obsoleta3 Say 1823 black rat snake
Thamnophis sp.3 Fitzinger 1843 garter snake
Nerodia sipedon3 Linnaeus 1758 northern water snake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ondatra sp.1 Link 1795 muskrat
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Arctodus simus5 Cope 1879 giant short-faced bear
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx jeffersonii Desmarest 1822 Jefferson's ground sloth
or M. dissimilis
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp.5 Brookes 1828 mammoth
Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach 1799 wooly mammoth
Mammuthus columbi2 Falconer 1857 Columbian mammoth
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bison sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
Bootherium sp. Harlan 1825 antelope
"Symbos cavifrons" = Bootherium bombifrons Harlan 1825 antelope
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Rangifer tarandus Linnaeus 1758 reindeer
Odocoileus virginianus1 Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
? Cervalces sp. Scott 1885 stag moose
? Cervalces scotti4 Lydekker 1898 stag moose
Specimen similar to but larger than Alces alces
Liliopsida
 Alismatales - Alismatidae
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Pinaceae
Pinus sp. Linnaeus 1753 pine
Picea sp. Link 1827 spruce
Abies sp. Miller 1754 fir
Monocotyledoneae
 Cyperales - Commelinidae
Gramineae indet. de Jussieu true grass
Cyperaceae indet. Jussieu 1789 sedge
unclassified
  -
Dicotyledonae
 Polygonales - Caryophyllidae
Polygonum sp. Linnaeus
Magnoliopsida
 Malvales - Tiliaceae
Tilia sp. Linnaeus 1753 linden
 Rosales - Rosaceae
Rosaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
 Fagales - Betulaceae
Betula sp. Linnaeus 1753 birch
Alnus sp. Miller 1768 alder
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Linnaeus 1753
 Ranunculales - Ranunculaceae
Ranunculaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789