Las Cruces (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Inman Gravel Pit (NMMNH L-3649); Tortugas Mountain Gravel Pit (NMMNH L-3537)

Where: Dona Ana County, New Mexico (32.0° N, 106.7° W: paleocoordinates 32.0° N, 106.5° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Camp Rice Formation, Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: R. H. Tedford. 1981. Mammalian biochronology of the late Cenozoic basins of New Mexico. Geological Society America Bulletin 92 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]more details

PaleoDB collection 20396: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• based on Morgan et al. 1998b, does not include "Mesilla Valley" of Hawley et al. 1969 and "Mesilla Basin" of Harris 1993
proboscidean material described in detail by Lucas et al. 1999
earliest Irvingtonian
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
"at least two species"; also reported by Hawley et al. 1969, Harris 1993
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Cuvieronius tropicus2 Cope 1884 gomphothere
Stegomastodon mirificus2 Leidy 1858 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus hayi1 Barbour 1915 mammoth