Axtel (Neogene of the United States)

Also known as UCMP V-5319

Where: Randall County, Texas (35.0° N, 101.9° W: paleocoordinates 35.3° N, 100.2° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Hemphillian (10.3 - 4.9 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the UCMP

Primary reference: G. E. Schultz. 1990. Stop 16: Late Hemphillian faunas of the Texas and Oklahoma panhandles. In T. C. Gustavson (ed.), Tertiary and Quaternary stratigraphy and vertebrate paleontology of parts of northwestern Texas and eastern New Mexico; Guidebook - Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas at Austin 104-111 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 18036: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.08.1992, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) sp." = Hesperotestudo2
"Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) sp." = Hesperotestudo2 Williams 1950 turtle
"Axtel fauna, Harrell Ranch, Loc. 2, bed 1... probably turgida"
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomyidae indet.1 Bonaparte 1845 pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
Mylagaulidae indet.1 Cope 1881 rodent
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Nannippus aztecus3 Mooser 1968 hipparionine horse
pers. commun.: "N. cf. lenticularis"
Neohipparion cf. eurystyle Cope 1893 hipparionine horse
Dinohippus cf. mexicanus Lance 1950 horse
Astrohippus cf. stockii Lance 1950 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Agriotherium sp. Wagner 1837 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Pliotaxidea sp. Hall 1944 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Eucyon davisi4 Merriam 1911 canine
Borophagus hilli n. sp.5 Johnston 1939 bone-crushing dog
of Johnston 1939 "B. direptor" of Kurten and Anderson 1980
 Carnivora - Felidae
Machairodus sp. Kaup 1833 cat
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx sp. Harlan 1825 edentate
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuinae indet.1 Palmer 1897 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Megatylopus sp. Matthew and Cook 1909 camel
see also Webb 1965, Harrison 1985
Hemiauchenia sp. Gervais and Ameghino 1880 camel
see also Harrison 1985
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
? Hexobelomeryx sp. Furlong 1941 pronghorn