Cripple Creek Sump (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Fairbanks North Star County, Alaska (64.8° N, 147.8° W: paleocoordinates 64.9° N, 147.6° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

• said to be Illinoian

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: T. L. Pewe and D. M. Hopkins. 1967. in Bering Land Bridge [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 20297: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 07.06.1994

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp.4 Linnaeus 1758 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet.1 Fischer 1817 canid
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
Canis lupus3 Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felinae indet. Trouessart 1885 cat
"Felis sp. (large cat)"
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut sp. Blumenbach 1799 mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bison priscus2 Bojanus 1827 bison
"Bison (Superbison) sp."
Bootherium sp. Harlan 1825 antelope
includes "Symbos sp." of Pewe 1975
Praeovibos sp.4 Staudinger 1908 antelope
Saiga sp.4 Gray 1843 saiga
Ovis sp. Linnaeus 1758 sheep
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Alces sp. Gray 1821 moose
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Rangifer sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 reindeer
Cervalces sp. Scott 1885 stag moose