Kislang (Pliocene of Hungary)

Also known as Kisláng, Kislángi

Where: Fejer, Hungary (47.0° N, 18.4° E: paleocoordinates 46.9° N, 18.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Villanyian (3.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• Upper Villanyian, MN17, Late Pliocene


• 'Below a thin layer of soil, there is a 1-2m thick Upper Pleistocene layer and below that are several meters of sand conglomerate containing a gravel layer 0.2-1m wide with a layer of clay and lime concentrate.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Kislang is one of the localities with the famous 'meridionalis pebbles'

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35374: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 08.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes
"Pisces indet." = Osteichthyes Huxley 1880 bony fish
 Esociformes - Esocidae
 Perciformes - Percidae
Percidae indet. Cuvier 1816 perch
 Siluriformes - Siluridae
Siluridae indet. Cuvier 1816 catfish
 Salientia - Palaeobatrachidae
Pliobatrachus cf. langhae frog
P. cf. lánghae
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufonidae indet. Gray 1825 toad
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emys sp. Dumeril 1806 pond turtle
Emys sp. Dumeril 1806 pond turtle
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anas sp. Linnaeus 1758 dabbling duck
Anas (s.l. sp. indet.)
 Rodentia - Muridae
Murinae indet. mouse
1-2 specimens
? Rattus sp. Fischer 1803 rat
Parapodemus sp. Schaub 1938 mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
cf. Allocricetus indet. Schaub 1930 mouse
Mimomys coelodus vole
1 lower M1
Mimomys reidi vole
1 lower M1
Mimomys simplex vole
1 lower M1
Mimomys cf. newtoni vole
1 lower M1
Mimomys kislangensis vole
1 lower M1
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
ca. 40 molars
Lagurus arankae mouse
6 lower M1 plus molar
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus sp." = Spermophilus
"Citellus sp." = Spermophilus Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Trogontherium boisvilleti beaver
ca. 35 specimens
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lagotherium sp. Pictet 1853 rabbit
ca. 30 specimens
Oryctolagus sp. Lilljeborg 1874 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
"Desmana crassidens" = Desmana thermalis, "Desmagale pannonica" = Desmana thermalis, Talpa sp.
"Desmana crassidens" = Desmana thermalis Kormos 1930 Russian desman
"Desmagale pannonica" = Desmana thermalis Kormos 1930 Russian desman
Talpa sp. Linnaeus 1758 mole
ca. 10 specimens
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
ca. 15 specimens
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion moriturum hipparionine horse
Equus sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus stenonis2 Cocchi 1867 horse
ca. 100 specimens
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus arvernensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 bear
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Lutra cf. bravardi Pomel 1843 otter
Meles sp. Brisson 1762 badger
Xenictis cf. nestii mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
Vulpes (s.l.) sp.
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
size of lupus
 Carnivora - Felidae
Homotherium cf. crenatidens2, Lynx sp., Felis cf. lunensis, "Panthera ? issiodorensis" = Panthera, "Leo cf. toscana" = Panthera
Lynx sp. Kerr 1792 lynx
Lynx indet. (?) sp.
Felis cf. lunensis Martelli 1906 cat
"Panthera ? issiodorensis" = Panthera cat
"Leo cf. toscana" = Panthera cat
Leo (?) sp. (cf. toscana)
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus arvernensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 gomphothere
1 specimen + fragments
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
"Mammut" borsoni Hays 1834 mastodon
1 specimen + fragment
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis1 Nesti 1825 mammoth
very common ca. 12 specimens
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
 Ungulata - Camelidae
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
Bovidae indet. I-II
Parabos sp. Barbour and Schultz 1941 antelope
Leptobos etruscus antelope
25-30 specimens
Tragospira pannonica antelope
5-6 specimens
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus dicranius deer
Cervus (s.l.) dicranius
Megaloceros sp. Brookes 1828 Irish elk