Mansourah (Pleistocene of Algeria)

Where: Algeria (36.0° N, 4.5° E: paleocoordinates 36.0° N, 4.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• "The rich and diverse fauna of large mammals from the Mansourah travertines clearly indicates an Early Pleistocene age and is associated with lithic industry of Oldowan technology."

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; travertine and yellow sandstone

• "It belongs to a series of fluvio-lacustrine formations"
• most or all fossils are from the bottom of three layers, which includes "travertines and yellow sands, rich in fauna, with fresh polyhedrons in quartzite or flint"

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: newly described material is from two university collections and one museum collection in Algeria

Primary reference: Y. Chaid-Saoudi, D. Geraads, and J.-P. Raynal. 2006. The fauna and associated artefacts from the Lower Pleistocene site of Mansourah (Constantine, Algeria). Comptes Rendus Palevol 5(8):963-971 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 69723: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 03.03.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• revises earlier reports of Bayle (1854), Gervais (1869), Thomas (1884), and Joleaud (1918), but includes previously undescribed material
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium mauritanicum Pomel 1888 white rhino
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
sensu lato Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
Equus cf. tabeti Arambourg 1970 horse
 Carnivora - Felidae
cf. Panthera pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephas sp. Linnaeus 1758 elephant
 Ungulata - Suidae
Kolpochoerus cf. maroccanus Ennouchi 1953 pig
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus cf. sirensis Pomel 1896 hippo
 Ungulata - Bovidae
cf. Bos bubaloides Arambourg 1979 ox
Tragelaphus cf. gaudryi Thomas 1884 antelope
Gazella cf. pomeli Arambourg 1979 gazelle
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
Oryx cf. gazella Linnaeus 1758 gemsbok
Kobus aff. kob Erxleben 1777 kob