Malema - RC11 (Pliocene of Malawi)

Also known as ETE Locality 1398, Malema, RC11, Malema - RC11,

Where: Malawi (10.0° S, 33.9° E: paleocoordinates 10.2° S, 33.6° E)

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Unit 3 Member (Chiwondo Formation), Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: Suid&Bovid suggest age 2.5-2.7 Ma

Environment/lithology: deltaic; green sandstone

• ETE sed env 1: deltaic, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: trans deltaic
• ETE rock type adj: green, ETE lithology comments: "greenish,slight slt"

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 975, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: O. Kullmar, O. Sandrock, R. Abel, F. Schrenk, T. Bromage and Y. Juwayeyi. 1999. The first Paranthropus from the Malawi Rift. Journal of Human Evolution 37:121-127 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22559: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 13.04.2000

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecus sp. Linnaeus 1758 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
Paranthropus boisei Leakey 1959 australopithecine
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion aff. libycum" = Eurygnathohippus libycum
"Hipparion aff. libycum" = Eurygnathohippus libycum Pomel 1897 hipparionine horse
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: aff. libycum ethiopicum, mak - species name from unique name
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki Dietrich 1915 elephant
ETE occurrence; species: shungurensis
 Ungulata - Suidae
"Notochoerus scotti" = Gerontochoerus scotti
"Notochoerus scotti" = Gerontochoerus scotti Leakey 1943 pig
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Sivatherium sp. Falconer and Cautley 1836 giraffe
Giraffa aff. pygmaea Harris 1976 giraffe
Giraffa aff. stillei Arambourg 1947 giraffe
Giraffa aff. jumae Leakey 1967 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: aff. Aepyceros
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: aff.Hippotragus gigas
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: aff. Kobus
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Neotragini
Bovini sp. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: aff. Syncerus
Tragelaphini indet. Blyth 1863 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Tragelaphini
Antilopini sp. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: aff. Gazella
Alcelaphus sp. Blainville 1816 hartebeest
ETE occurrence; species: aff. Damaliscus
"Megalotragus kattwinkeli" = Alcelaphus kattwinkeli Scwarz 1932 hartebeest