Kalemba Rock-Shelter (Pleistocene to of Zambia)

Also known as ETE Locality 673, Kalemba Rock-Shelter,

Where: Zambia (14.1° S, 32.5° E: paleocoordinates 14.2° S, 32.4° E)

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene to Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: >35000 BC on bone apatite; 1835 +- 70 AD on beans from pot radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: cave

• ETE sed env 1: ., ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: rock-shelter; near ancient river
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: granite rock-shelter; layers of soil and stone (granite); deep colluvial deposits near site

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 483, 482, 481, 480, 479, 478, 477, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: D. W. Phillipson. 1976. The Prehistory of Eastern Zambia. Memoir of the British Institute in Eastern Africa 6 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21854: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 13.05.1997, edited by John Damuth

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Reptilia
  -
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768 reptile
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Reptilia
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp. Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Papio sp. Erxleben 1777 baboon
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
 Primates - Galagidae
Otolemur crassicaudatus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1812 galago
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystricidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 porcupine
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equidae indet. Gray 1821 horse
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Equidae
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli Gray 1824 Burchell's zebra
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Genetta sp. Cuvier 1816 civet
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus sp. Geoffroy 1791 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Loxodonta sp. Cuvier 1825 elephant
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Dendrohyrax sp. Gray 1868 tree hyrax
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Suidae
Potamochoerus sp. Gray 1854 pig
Phacochoerus sp. Cuvier 1826 warthog
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Bovidae
Tragelaphus strepsiceros Pallas 1766 greater kudu
Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
Taurotragus oryx Pallas 1766 common eland
Ourebia ourebi Zimmerman 1783 oribi
"Gazella thomsoni" = Eudorcas thomsoni Gunther 1884 Thomson's gazelle
Connochaetes sp. Lichtenstein 1812 wildebeest
Hippotragus niger Harris 1838 sable antelope
Cephalophus sp. Smith 1827 duiker
Sylvicapra sp. Ogilby 1837 duiker
Redunca sp. Smith 1827 reedbuck
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Ogilby 1833 waterbuck