Welch Cave (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Woodford County, Kentucky (37.9° N, 84.8° W: paleocoordinates 37.9° N, 84.8° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "presumably post-Wisconsin" but the fauna is unambiguously late Pleistocene

Environment/lithology: cave; lithology not reported

• none given

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the CM

Primary reference: J. E. Guilday. 1968. Grizzly bears from eastern North America. American Midland Naturalist 79(1):247-250 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 74141: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 24.07.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Microtus cf. xanthognathus Leach 1815 taiga vole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus cf. tridecemlineatus" = Spermophilus
"Citellus cf. tridecemlineatus" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomyidae indet. Bonaparte 1845 pocket gopher
"small geomyid"
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus arctos Linnaeus 1758 brown bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Taxidea sp. Waterhouse 1839 badger
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus sp. Leconte 1848 peccary
"a minimum of 19 individuals"