Masangano, upper travertine layer (Pleistocene of Rwanda)

Where: Rwanda (1.7° S, 29.7° E: paleocoordinates 1.7° S, 29.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• Lowest layer within travertine, containing lithic tools of quartzite, quartz and slaty material, which Vansina (1958) identified as belonging to an earlier culture, the Tshitolien culture of the forests of Zaire and Angola. These are accompanied by tools and flakes of Later Stone Age industries, which Vansina describes as recalling the Levallois and Acheulean techniques.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithified travertine

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by Landessammlung für Naturkunde Rheinland-Pfalz in 1994

• Repository: Landessammlung für Naturkunde Rheinland-Pfalz

Primary reference: U. Schmidt. 2001. Of mice, men and elephants - lithic tools and faunal remains at the Late Pleistocene site of Masangano (Rwanda). The World of Elephants - International Congress, Rome 2001 350-354 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 129899: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Raghav Sehtia on 30.06.2012, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Lutra sp. Brisson 1762 otter
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Loxodonta sp. Cuvier 1825 elephant
 Ungulata - Suidae
Hylochoerus sp. Thomas 1904 giant forest hog
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Syncerus sp. Hodgson 1847 African buffalo
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope